Children's Situation in Kazakhstan: UNICEF represented analysis of achievements and gaps in realizing children's rights
Nur-Sultan, November 19, 2019 - On the eve of World Children's Day, the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) presented the results of an analysis of the situation of children in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The analysis highlights a number of achievements by the country over 25 years since the signing of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1994, including progress in reducing child and maternal mortality, increasing enrollment in education, including preschool, and creating conditions for inclusive education.
The analysis also notes that the country has created a legal framework for the implementation of children's rights. In addition to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Kazakhstan has ratified a number of international treaties and documents and established the institution of the Ombudsperson for the Rights of the Child.
An analysis of the situation of children in Kazakhstan also notes gaps and issues that require special attention. Among them are the share of preventable child deaths, injuries, access to quality education for all, including children with disabilities, nutrition and growing obesity among children, as well as equal opportunities for all children, especially the most vulnerable: children without parental care, children with disabilities and special educational needs, migrant children, children with chronic diseases.
“This year we celebrate a double anniversary in the defence of children's rights. November 20, World Children's Day marks 30 years since the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the most widely ratified international instrument in history. This year is also significant in Kazakhstan, as it has been 25 years since the signing of the Convention by independent Kazakhstan, ”said Arthur van Diesen, UNICEF Representative in Kazakhstan during the presentation of the report.
“Over these 30 years, the world community, including Kazakhstan, has made impressive progress in the interests of children, providing them with a longer, better and healthier life. However, the situation is still unfavourable for the most vulnerable children, ”said Arthur van Diesen.“ In addition to problems in health, nutrition and education, children today also have to face new threats, such as climate change and Internet bullying. Only through political will, increased resources, innovations and new technologies will we be able to translate the ideals of the Convention on the Rights of the Child into reality for all children in the world. ”
An analysis of the situation of Kazakhstani children was developed on the basis of a comprehensive review of existing data and studies on children and women in the areas of health, nutrition, education, HIV, water and sanitation, the environment, child protection and social protection and participation in public life using state and international sources, as well as statistics.
A wide range of sources was also used, including focus group discussions, semi-structured interviews, consultations with government officials, field visits and personal stories.
The presentation of the results of the analysis was attended by children from metropolitan high schools who shared their opinions and life stories on the topics of preschool education, inclusion, polluted air and participation in public life. Children encouraged adults to engage children and youth in issues that relate to their lives and future.
UNICEF leaders handed over their powers for the day to students of metropolitan schools. Ariana Schreider welcomed the participants in the press briefing on behalf of the UNICEF Representative in Kazakhstan and noted that for her “it is important that adults listen and hear the children.”
Note to readers:
Analysis of the situation of children - this analysis is carried out in the country every 5 years to identify achievements and gaps in the implementation of the rights of children and women.
World Children's Day - World Children's Day is celebrated annually on November 20 in honor of the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989 and aims to raise awareness of children's rights. On this day, the general public is given the opportunity to learn about the situation of millions of children who are unable to receive education, deprived of protection and shelter, and to raise funds to help such children.
To know more about the report, please click here.
UNICEF promotes the rights and wellbeing of every child, in everything we do. Together with our partners, we work in 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action, focusing special effort on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere.
For more information about UNICEF and its work for children, visit www.unicef.org.