UNICEF is exploring the prospects for using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to help children, improve their living conditions, prevent them from getting into situations dangerous for life and health, rescue them in emergency situations, and teach them vital skills.
In 2018, UNICEF started creating in Kazakhstan the so-called Test Corridor - an experimental area for trying out UAV technology.
UNICEF experts together with the Emergency Committee of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Kazakhstan identified the most promising (in terms of UNICEF mandate) areas for UAVs use in Kazakhstan:
- search and participation in the rescue of people during an emergency;
- prevention of emergency situations by early visual identification of risk areas and subsequent continuous or periodic monitoring of such areas;
- assessment of emergency damage (extent of damage, works required to restore transport and residential infrastructure);
- urgent temporary communication (GSM and/or Wi-Fi) in the emergency area.
In the course of preliminary assessment of the situation in Kazakhstan, a great potential in the field of UAVs was revealed: there are companies developing their own production of such equipment (including its development using special software); many companies provide services based on UAVs; aviation design clubs are widely developed clubs at schools and various out-of-school organizations (palaces/centers of children's creativity).
Work has begun on cooperation in this area with the Akimat of Akmola Region and Akimat of Almaty. The IT potential of the leading Kazakhstan universities (IITU, KBTU, NARKHOZ, AlmaU, Suleyman Demirel University) is actively involved.