Iraq Humanitarian Situation Report March 2019
More than 4.2 million people, including over 2 million children, have returned to their places of origin, while over 1.7 million people, including over 900,000 children, remain displaced. More than half (54 percent) of all internally displaced persons (IDPs) have been displaced for three or more years. Around 30 percent of families remain displaced in camps, 70 percent remain in out-of-camp settings, of which nearly eight percent are living in critical shelter arrangements. Of those in camps, 80 percent remain in Ninewa (52 percent) and Dahuk (27 percent). The prolonged nature of displacement has led to increased vulnerabilities among IDPs; in 11 districts, displaced persons are facing very high needs (as defined in the 2019 Humanitarian Needs Overview). Approximately 11 percent of all returnees are in locations where living conditions are not considered to be adequate, dignified, and safe.
In the last week of March, heavy storms caused flooding that damaged bridges, roads, and other infrastructure throughout Iraq. Although no fatalities were recorded, negative consequences were seen in at least eleven out of Iraq’s 18 governorates, with Kirkuk, Salah al-Din and Sulaymaniyah noted as the most acutely impacted areas. Humanitarian partners, including UNICEF, conducted assessments conducted assessment visits to affected areas and delivered life-saving supplies to affected families in Tikrit, sometimes making delivery by boat. There remain concerns about the availability of adequate drinking water, as some water treatment plants in the governorate are non-functional either due to floods or due to lack of water treatment materials