Iraq Humanitarian Situation Report

May 2019

children are standing in front of their tent
UNICEF Iraq/2018/Jeelo


By the end of May, flood waters had declined, and affected families have been returning to places of origin. However, damages to water treatment facilities have been noted - in Missan, south-eastern Iraq, the Directorate of Water reported almost all treatment plants have been affected, but full damages are yet to be assessed. Fires in agricultural areas affected 11 of 18 governorates since mid-May. The Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has claimed responsibility for some attacks, but reported causes vary - some authorities believe fires are an intentional tactic targeting returnees or aiming to deter IDPs from returning. In 2019, high rainfall has yielded good crop growth meaning greater than average presence of combustible fuel in fields. Humanitarian partners including UNICEF are assessing negative impacts on returns, food security, livelihoods and water supply. In relation to anticipated return of Iraqis from the Al Hol camp in Syria, 2,000 families have been registered for repatriation so far. The majority are women and children who have been identified as experiencing significant protection risks and concerns, as well as health and nutrition needs. In addition, a further 15,000 displaced Iraqis living in informal settlements in Deir al Zor, a governorate in Syria, may be transferred to the Al Hol displacement camp, increasing the overall caseload of Iraqis in the camp to around 46,000 individuals. Humanitarian partners in Iraq, including UNICEF, have updated preparedness plans accordingly. As of May 2019 there has been no information available on the timeframe of returns



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