Iraq Humanitarian Situation Report
In April, heavy rains affected many areas of Iraq, including in Missan, Salah Al-Din and Wassit governorates, damaging key infrastructure and affecting an estimated 273,000 people, of whom around 19,500 were evacuated from their homes. In Missan, most-affected districts were Al Khair, Bani Hashim, Al Euzayer, Ali al Sharqi and Ali al Gharbi where 210,000 people were left without access to clean water. In Salah al Din, floods affected 53,000 people mainly in Shirqat, Baiji and Samara districts, where many families lost livestock and household items. The majority of displaced people are being hosted in nearby communities with families and friends, spread over different villages. The most-affected areas have inadequate drainage, meaning flood water becomes stagnant and increases risk of waterborne diseases, such as cholera. More information on water-shortage induced displacements can be found here.
Return of around 31,000 Iraqis is expected from the Al Hol camp in Syria in the coming months. The vast majority (around 90 per cent) are women and children who have been identified as experiencing significant protection risks and concerns, as well as health and nutrition needs due to poor living conditions in the Al Hol site, where capacity has been significantly overstretched. An inter-cluster operational response plan has been developed, with the humanitarian community in Iraq advocating for returnees to be accommodated in existing Ninewa IDP camps. UNICEF Iraq preparedness is based on this plan, including support through the Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) at border crossings, as well as child protection monitoring, nutrition and health screening and education activities. It is anticipated that, once they have returned to Iraq, humanitarian assistance for this group will be needed until at least the end of 2019.