Water and sanitation

Water and Sanitation


Water and Sanitation

Girl washing in Iraq IDP camp
© UNICEF/UN042718/Khuzaie

UNICEF supports the Ministry of Municipalities and Public Works to improve access to safe water and sanitation services, including:

  • As part of the Iraq-Public Sector Modernization Programme, the development of a functional review of the sector including a water and sanitation service delivery model, costing study and road map;
  • Development and implementation of Solid Waste Management Master Plans in six governorates - Anbar, Basra, Dohuk, Erbil, Sulaimaniya and Thiq Qar;
  • Development and implementation of Water and Sanitation Master Plan in Missan  governorate;
  • Rehabilitation of water networks benefitting over 200,000 deprived people;
  • Rehabilitating water and sanitation facilities in 200 schools;
  • Procurement of solar powered water treatment units for local governments;
  • Completion of an environmental survey on the state of water, sanitation and municipal services in Iraq

2016 activities and results:

In 2016, UNICEF supported water, sanitation and hygiene for 1,206,816 displaced people (567,203 children) country-wide. Of the overall cluster response in 2016, UNICEF supported 53 percent of water supply, 84 per cent of sanitation, and 76 per cent of hygiene activities, based on cluster and UNICEF progress as of December.

In 2016, 12 WASH Service Centres served displacement-affected areas of western and northern Iraq, and provided coordination and monitoring services for WASH actors and local authorities, and enhanced service delivery for WASH interventions.


The response for people arriving from conflict-affected areas of Ninewa and Kirkuk continued in 11 sites in Dahuk, Ninewa, and Salah al Din serving at least 249,433 newly-displaced people with access to safe water (as of 18 December 2016).

Since the start of Mosul Operations in October 2016, UNICEF reached 163,800 people (90,090 children) in retaken communities with a multi-sectoral emergency package in retaken communities affected by conflict, of which 28,800 people were reached in December. In December UNICEF initiated emergency water trucking through the Humanitarian Relief Foundation (HRF) to an estimated 10,000 people in 10 recently retaken villages on the eastern edge of Mosul city. Four water points (boreholes and loading points) were also rehabilitated in the same area. WASH cluster partners expanded water trucking in accessible areas of Mosul, to 33 accessible neighbourhoods by end of December 2016. 

Information as of December 2016

>> See the latest Iraq humanitarian situation report





Convention on the Rights of the Child

States parties shall combat disease and malnutrition through, (…) the provision of  (…) clean drinking water.

Art. 24


States are to provide safe, clean, accessible and affordable drinking water and sanitation for all.

UN General Assembly Resolution 64/292



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