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UNICEF Iran encourages government to bring into force the Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflicts

TEHRAN, 19 February 2012– On the 10th anniversary of the entry into force of the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (OPAC), UNICEF office in Iran said today it was encouraging the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to ratify this protocol.


Iran played a very important role in drafting the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and on 5 September 1991 it became a signatory followed by the convention’s ratification by parliament in 1994.


“The government of Iran has in practice demonstrated a good commitment in adhering to this protocol by not engaging children in armed conflicts or recruiting them in combat forces” said UNICEF   Representative Mohamed El Munir Safieldin,” The ratification of this protocol will record yet another important achievement for the Iranian government in fulfilling children’s rights in line with the internationally accepted standards.”


The Optional Protocol emphasizes that states parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that members of their armed forces who have not attained the age of 18 years do not take a direct part in hostilities and that persons under the age of 18 are not compulsorily recruited into their armed forces.


There are two optional protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child: the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (OPAC) and the Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (OPSC). Iran is already a party to OPSC.





UNICEF works in more than 190 countries and territories to help children survive and thrive, from early childhood through adolescence. The world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.


For further information, please contact:

Bahareh Yeganehfar, Communication and External Relations officer



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