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Innovations, lessons learned and good practices

UNICEF and external publications

Development in Practice, Oxfam GB, Published 5 times a year
Development in Practice - an online international journal - offers practice-based analysis and research concerning the social dimensions of development and humanitarianism. It provides a worldwide forum for debate and the exchange of ideas among practitioners, academics, and policy shapers, including activists and NGOs, the journal challenges current assumptions in order to stimulate new thinking and ways of working. Summaries to all articles and full-text access to selected articles in English, Spanish, French and Portuguese.

The Tsunami Legacy: Innovation, Breakthroughs and Change, Tsunami Global Lessons Learned Project Steering Committee, 2009
Commissioned by The Tsunami Global Lessons Learned Project, a consortium of the five of the hardest-hit countries – India, Indonesia, Maldives, Sri Lanka and Thailand – in addition to the UN and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the report documents lessons learned from the global recovery response to the tsunami and shares best practices to help prevent and prepare for natural disasters.

Lessons Learned, Delivering as One Pilot Countries, UNDP, 2009
On the request of the Development Operations Coordination Office (DOCO), coordination officers from the 8 pilot countries (Albania, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Pakistan, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uruguay and Vietnam) wrote down the experiences from the pilot countries in this Lessons Learned Paper. This paper can be used to develop clear guidance notes for example on how to develop a ‘One Programme’, how to organize joint procurement, how to structure a joint ICT network. The paper together with additional guidance notes can form the start of a handbook for countries who would like to start up the process of Delivering as One in their countries and give them an overview of the anticipated challenges they will encounter in their country.

Abolishing School Fees in Africa: Lessons from Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, and Mozambique, The World Bank and UNICEF, 2009
This operational guide is one of the main outputs of the School Fee Abolition Initiative (SFAI) that was launched in 2005 by UNICEF and the World Bank to support countries in maintaining and accelerating progress towards universal primary educations. Country studies were undertaken in Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi and Mozambique by country teams made up of ministry of education officials, UNICEF and World Bank staff, development partners, researchers, and consultants. Chapter 1 draws on the five studies elaborated in the remaining chapters to highlight the potential and various challenges of school fee abolition policies, and it provides a comparative overview on processes, challenges, and lessons learned.

Learning from Knowledge Management Experiences, UNICEF ROSA, 2008
The report summarises the information gleaned from a survey of UNICEF South Asia staff, in both the regional and country offices. Most staff are already conversant in the more obvious aspects of knowledge management but are currently thwarted by systems that promise much but deliver little, usually because they have been implemented only partially. Traditional channels of communication function in a segmented and hierarchical fashion that no longer matches available new technologies. UNICEF South Asia Country Offices in particular reported that they would welcome any enhanced knowledge sharing and additional tools that could facilitate more effective and efficient compilation and dissemination of information both between and among country offices and with their regional office. The report's final section makes specific suggestions for enhancing knowledge collection and dissemination within UNICEF ROSA.

Linking Disaster Risk Reduction and Poverty Reduction - 2008: Good Practices and Lessons Learned, Global Network of NGOs for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2008
Building on last year’s effort, this publication seeks to highlight initiatives that have successfully linked poverty reduction and disaster risk reduction in various parts of the world. It features several projects and initiatives that show how disaster risk reduction (DRR) can be integrated into poverty reduction (or vice-versa) to help reduce the vulnerability of the poor and protect their livelihoods and development gains.

Good Practices for Scaling up MDG Achievement, UNDP, 2008
The UNDG Working Group on the Millennium Declaration and the Millennium Development Goals (MD/MDGs) and the UNDG Policy Network for the MD/MDGs present this preliminary collection of good practices in scaling-up efforts to realize the MD/MDGs and other Internationally Agreed Development Goals (IADGs). It includes three Good Practices related to Child Survival submitted by UNICEF.

Gender Perspectives: Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction into Climate Change Adaptation - 2008. Good Practices and Lessons Learned , UN/ISDR, 2008
This publication points out the vital nexus between women’s experiences of natural resource management, climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction, and how they can come together to make whole communities strong and sustainable. It also provides inspirational case studies of rassroots women’s leadership, and of ways to support and encourage women’s full participation as citizens in risk reduction, climate change adaptation, development, and disaster preparedness. The case studies also point to practical tools for implementing gender equality and mainstreaming gender perspectives.

Indigenous Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction: Good Practices and lessons Learned from Experiences in the Asia-Pacific Region 2008, UN ISDR Asia and Pacific, 2008
This publication aims to build awareness for indigenous knowledge as an effective tool for reducing risk from natural disasters. By improving the understanding of indigenous knowledge and providing concrete examples of how it can be successfully used, this publication can help all practitioners and policy makers to consider the knowledge hold by local communities and act to integrate this wealth of knowledge into future disaster-related work.

MDG Good Practices: Scaling up efforts on the ground, UNDP, 2008
The booklet features practical projects and programmes that governments and their partners have developed in their eff orts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It will enable world leaders to review progress, identify gaps, and commit themselves to the necessary efforts, resources and mechanisms. Beyond capturing experiences on MDG-based national development strategies, this booklet focuses on implementation on the ground. The good practices are based on cases submitted through UN agencies from Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Europe and the CIS countries, Latin America and Caribbean and the Arab States. See MDG Blog.

Innovations and Lessons Learned from 2007 Country Office Annual Reports, NYHQ, 2008
This internal compendium includes 45 innovations and lessons learned taken from UNICEF Annaul Reports for 2007. They include 13 from Child Survival and Development programming, 5 from Basic Education and Gender Equality work, 5 from HIV and AIDS programmes, 7 from Child Protection programmes, 12 from a range of upstream Policy and Partnership activities and 3 good examples of management or operational innovations. While most are in English, six are presented in French. For additional French and Spanish documents please visit the In Practice web site.

In Practice Newsletter - May 2008, UNICEF, 2008
This newsletter provides an introduction to the In Practice website and database. In addition, it highlights 5 promising practices from the database.

In Practice Newsletter - November 2008, UNICEF, 2008
The food, fuel and financial crises of 2008 – the so-called 3Fs – are likely to affect developing countries, and within them children and women, in profound ways. This second issue of the In Practice Newsletter highlights a selection of innovations and lessons learned from UNICEF programming and policy advocacy that might be of potential relevance to the current crises.

Towards National Resilience - 2008: Good practices of National Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction”, UN/ISDR. Geneva, Switzerland, 2008
Governments increasingly recognize the need for comprehensive multi-stakeholder and multi-sectoral national coordinating mechanisms – National Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction - to reduce, prevent and manage the impact of natural hazards. 45 countries have already launched National Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction. Several other countries are in a process of establishing them. In an effort to inspire and support the birth of new National Platforms, and also to strengthen existing ones, the UN/ISDR secretariat launches its new publication featuring nine National Platform case studies.

A Synopsis of Innovations and Lessons Learned in UNICEF Cooperation, NYHQ, 2007
This document provides 31 examples of innovations and emerging lessons learned in UNICEF cooperation and operations from the UNICEF 2006 Country Office Annual Reports (Section 4). Some of these were selected for making available on the UNICEF Internet.

Social Audits for Strengthening Accountability: Building Blocks for Human Rights-Based Programming, A Practice Note, UNCESCO, Bangkok, 2007
The note, written by Upala Devi Banerjee, is an attempt to analyze the instrumental value of social audits in guiding programming from the perspective of human rights-based approaches (HRBAs). In this note, the attempt to analyze the use of social audits from the HRBA perspective includes setting boundaries on the definitions of social audits; offering a framework for categorization of different kinds of social audits; and then applying them via some illustrations and examples. Illustrations have been used primarily from documented case studies under the LLP, but globally available examples, where relevant, have also been reviewed. Finally, challenges encountered while performing audits and suggestions by way of programming entry points for HRBA practitioners have been included. It is hoped that this note will contribute to the global repository of knowledge on how social audits are increasingly being recognized and used by multiple stakeholders to claim rights and to secure accountability and transparency at various levels. All feedback and queries can be addressed to Upala Devi Banerjee at upalab@yahoo.com and u.banerjee@unescobkk.org

Peacekeeping Best Practices: Report of the Secretary General, United Nations, 2007
In its resolution 61/276, the General Assembly recognized the importance of incorporating lessons learned and best practices in the planning and conduct of ongoing and future peacekeeping missions. The present report provides an overview of the policy on capturing best practices in peacekeeping, including how information on best practices is being utilized in mission planning, as well as efficiency gains and improvements in effectiveness made as a result of those efforts.

EMOPS Debriefing Notes Series: Lessons Learned on Emergency Response by UNICEF Senior Leaders, UNICEF, 2007
The paper provides a personal perspective on the challenges of implementing UNICEF’s programme during this time and to share a manager’s experience - deriving lessons learned, suggesting practical policy applications and supporting on-going initiatives to make working in highly insecure environments safer and more effective. The ultimate goal was to suggest ways to improve UNICEF’s ability to make a tangible difference in the lives of women and children living in these highly insecure environments. The paper is structured along four topics: analysis of context and actors as a basis for programme and security planning; security management systems; programme implementation; and staff resilience.

Towards good practice for health statistics: lessons from the Millennium Development Goal health indicators, The Lancet, 2007
Health statistics are at the centre of an increasing number of worldwide health controversies. Several factors are sharpening the tension between the supply and demand for high quality health information, and the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provide a high-profi le example...Perhaps the most eff ective method to decrease controversy over health statistics and to encourage better primary data collection and the development of better analytical methods is a strong commitment to provision of an explicit data audit trail. This initiative would make available the primary data, all post-data collection adjustments, models including covariates used for farcasting and forecasting, and necessary documentation to the public.

A quality review of UNICEF's Executive Board Country Programme Documents for 2006, SPPG, 2007
This baseline assessment examined a selection of Country Programme Documents submitted to the Executive Board in 2006. This independent assessment fulfills an MTSP (2006-2009) Key Performance Indicator and assesses the quality of these documents against three cross-cutting criteria (Human Rights Based Approach, Gender Mainstreaming and Results Based Planning and Management). A follow-up assessment is scheduled for each year covered by the MTSP (2006-2009).

Contingency Planning and Humanitarian Action - A Review of Practice, ODI Humanitarian Practice Network, 2007
This Network Paper explores the current process practice of contingency planning in humanitarian organisations. The first section sets out the key terms and concepts relating to contingency planning, explores the contingency planning process. The second section looks at practice of contingency planning. The third section presents the paper's conclusions, and suggests some recommendations for future. The paper aims contribute to the further development of the field – with ultimate goal of increasing the efficiency of humanitarian action. While important innovations in contingency planning have been made in recent years, major problems remain. The paper identifies these challenges and attempts to chart a way forward in order to increase the efficiency of humanitarian action.

The impact of investing in children: Assessing the cross-country econometric evidence, ODI/Save the Children Working Paper, 2007
This paper examines the hypothesis that increases in public expenditure which translate into benefits for children have a positive impact on economic growth and a negative impact on inequality. The auhors suggest that this may be due to the avoidance of irreversible disadvantage to a person’s future productivity, mitigation of the intergenerational transfer of poverty, and reduction of future costs to health, education and social welfare systems.

Selected Lessons Learned from UNICEF Country Programme Cooperation 2007, Policy and Practice, 2007
This document features a compilation some of the most notable innovations and lessons learned from UNICEF’s 2007 programme reporting and will be published on UNICEF's website. The thirteen examples included in this compilation provide evidence of results in UNICEF's five focus areas: (1) young child survival and development, (2) basic education and gender equality, (3) HIV/AIDS and children, (4) child protection from violence, exploitation and abuse, and (5) policy advocacy and partnerships for children’s rights. For more information or to make comments, please contact Policy and Practice in UNICEF Headquarters (lessonslearned@unicef.org).

Ending Violence Against Women - Programming for Prevention, Protection and Care, UNFPA, 2007
This booklet, intended primarily for development practitioners, summarizes principles derived from 10 case studies undertaken by UNFPA in Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana, Kenya, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Romania, Sierra Leone and Turkey. The booklet provides practical points to consider when designing and implementing projects addressing violence against women. Violence against women manifests itself in different ways in different societies - from psychological abuse and physical harm to early marriage and ritual slavery - and the pathways to success vary. Nevertheless, a number of shared approaches described in this booklet have proved successful in ten projects in five regions where UNFPA is supporting national programmes. These approaches are based on a deep understanding of the culture in which they are operating and rely on the active participation of the communities they serve. For more on the case studies, read Programming to Address Violence Against Women: Ten Case Studies.

Documenting Emerging Lessons Learned for Human Rights-Based Programming: An Asia-Pacific Perspective , UNESCO Bangkok, 2007
This practice note is based on lessons learned from documenting experiences and programmes that incorporated human right-based approaches (HRBAs) in several Asia-Pacific countries from the year 2004 to the present time. Targeted at HRBA practitioners – especially those involved in HRBA programming – this note aims to present lessons in terms of the approaches used in claiming rights, the tools used in the process, and the role of targeted capacity development strategies to effectively utilize such tools. It is hoped that this note will contribute towards the larger global discourse on practical examples on the application of HRBAs in development programming. All feedback and queries can be addressed to Upala Devi Banerjee at upalab@yahoo.com and u.banerjee@unescobkk.org

Gender, Water And Sanitation: Case Studies On Best Practices, OSAGI, 2006
The 15 case studies presented in this handbook depict best practices in securing sustainable safe drinking water and sanitation for communities by engaging both men and women as critical stakeholders. The case studies are drawn from 14 countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East. Full text in PDF. Arabic | Chinese| English| French| Russian| Spanish

A Synopsis of Innovations and Lessons Learned in UNICEF Cooperation, NYHQ, 2006
This document includes 41 edited, illustrative examples from the Section 5’s of the UNICEF 2005 Country Office Annual Reports, which contain information on innovations and emerging lessons learned in UNICEF cooperation and operations, as viewed and described by the Country Offices themselves.

A Synopsis of Innovations and Lessons Learned in UNICEF Cooperation, NYHQ, 2005
This document provides 52 edited, illustrative selections from the Section 5’s of the UNICEF 2004 Country Office Annual Reports, which contain information on innovations and emerging lessons learned in UNICEF cooperation and operations, as viewed and described by the Country Offices themselves.




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