07 November 2018

Info Poverty

  Inequitable distribution of information sources and content leads to a generation of children who are not able to access the ideal mix of information necessary for them to be successful in life. These systemic challenges stem from lack of infrastructure (there are not enough mobile phone towers in a community), lack of appropriate content (kids…, Measuring a child’s information health., 1500 calories per day is enough for a child to be nutritionally healthy. How many kilobytes (and of what type) could provide us a measure of a child’s information health? What if we could determine the minimum amount and type of kilobytes a day a child should consume to be ‘information healthy’? UNICEF is motivated to determine and establish some…, The work we do., UNICEF is building an open source tool that will measure community and individual level information poverty and identify the main barriers, providing actionable insights to advocate for optimally positioned resources. For example, it can benefit children who live in remote communities in Amazonas and lack connectivity and qualified teachers by…, A Closer Look:, How are we doing it?  Information poverty  is a complex system that depends on many variables and dimensions: Availability: Is the source/service/content available where the child lives? Access: If the source/service/content is available, can the child access it? Usage: If the source/service/content is available and the child has access to it,…
07 November 2018

Sudden Onsets

Although countries and regions prone to natural disasters can be mapped, they are often not equipped to prevent or respond comprehensively. Exogenous shocks like earthquakes, floods, landslides, and other natural occurrences often occur without any early warnings.    Such disasters often have tragic consequences, affect massive populations, cause…, Changes in human behavior., At the time of an emergency, people change behavior, we change our mobility patterns, our consumption habits, our daily routines. Often, the instant reaction is to reach out to a safe zone, notify others who may be concerned or in danger, or turn to social media for information.  These changes can be observed directly throughout various social and…, The work we do., UNICEF combines different datasets donated by private sector partners such as satellite imagery, population density, population movements and basic infrastructure. This allows first-responders to estimate, in real-time, where the population that require most help are, permitting a dynamic adaptation of the response. We also build mathematical…, A closer look. , UNICEF Innovation is partnering with the private sector to obtain information that can play a critical role in responding to a disaster in a country or a region. In partnership with Telefonica and Facebook, we are using aggregated data from phone usage to identify in almost real-time communities affected by a drastic shock such as an earthquake, a…
07 November 2018

Social Indicators

Humanitarian organizations, governments, and policy-makers in low and middle income countries are usually forced to make decisions based on limited data typically collected by means of household surveys. , New approaches to estimating demographic factors., With information becoming more accessible, we are now able to overcome some of the limitations of traditional surveys by collecting data in faster, cheaper, more reliable and dynamic ways– which can be used effectively for policy advocacy and in identifying areas in most need of development and support. These data sources have also led to new…, The work we do., Multiple studies have shown that we can leverage new sources of data to estimate human characteristics such as literacy, poverty, and unemployment. At the Office of Innovation, we look into combining traditional household surveys and untraditional unstructured data to achieve results faster and to bridge the gap for years where official estimates…, A closer look., Using machine learning, UNICEF is involved in mapping poverty in Iraq. In collaboration with a local telephone service provider, UNICEF aims to create robust,  real-time maps of various social indicators, enabling the government to monitor vulnerable communities and identify where to invest their scarce resources. Below are a some (but not limited…, A practical example: measuring child poverty in Iraq, Satellite mapping visuals of iraq The UNICEF Country Office in Iraq is exploring innovative and alternative ways of regular monitoring of child poverty and deprivation to strengthen responses to the rapidly changing context in the country. UNICEF is partnering with one of the main mobile network operators (Zain) in Iraq to conduct the analysis of…