26 June 2024

GRASSP Viet Nam

As a component of GRASSP, and in collaboration with UNICEF Viet Nam and the Viet Nam Ministry of Labour, Invalids, and Social Affairs (MOLISA), this study investigates the gender-responsiveness of the social assistance reform that was initiated under the Central Party’s Resolution No 15-NQ/TW (2012), and which primarily took place between 2015 and 2021, resulting in two policies, Decision 488/2017 and Decree 20/2021. While the overall objective of the social assistance reform was to increase coverage and adequacy for individuals in “extremely difficult circumstances” and to define a minimum living standard to determine eligibility for transfers, they provided an opportunity to enhance gender-responsiveness across the social assistance system.However, despite the existence of several well-established gender mainstreaming mechanisms and processes, the resultant policies have only a limited degree of gender integration. The aim of the study, therefore, is to investigate how gender was considered during conceptualization, formulation, and approval of the policies, what factors influenced that process, and how this led to the level of gender-responsiveness in the final policies. Suggested citations: Main report – English: Mathers, Nicholas, and Mathilde Van Drooghenbroeck, Eszter Timár and Tran Nhu Trang, An Investigation of Gender Mainstreaming in Social Protection Policy: Understanding the processes, actors and institutions that shaped integration of gender into social assistance policy reforms in Viet Nam, UNICEF Innocenti, Florence, June 2024.Brief – English: Mathers, Nicholas, and Mathilde Van Drooghenbroeck, Eszter Timár and Tran Nhu Trang, Understanding gender mainstreaming processes in social protection policy: A case study from Viet Nam, UNICEF Innocenti, Florence, April 2024.