08 July 2024

Implementation Research Compendium

Achieving results for children requires a shift in how we implement innovative approaches, evidence-based policies and programmatic interventions. Drawing from nine country case studies, this compendium highlights the potential of implementation research (IR) to ensure that interventions are not only based on solid evidence but also effectively implemented to achieve the best outcomes for children. IR helps close the gap between what is known and what is done, ensuring that proven strategies are effectively translated into real-world actions that benefit children. in thisProminent themes include:The potential of IR for customization and adaptation of interventions to fit specific cultural, social, and economic contexts.The importance of involving local stakeholders, including communities, to ensure interventions are accepted, supported, and sustained.The potential of IR for continuous improvement and timely identification and rectification of implementation bottlenecks.IR’s role in increasing the evidence about what works, why, and how.The power of IR to ensure that interventions are equitable.The case studies also suggest ways future IR can be improved and strengthened.UNICEF is committed to IR as a key difference-maker in accelerating outcomes for children and encourages its wider use to improve results for children and meet Sustainable Development Goals.Suggested citation: UNICEF Innocenti – Global Office of Research and Foresight, Implementation Research Compendium: A systematic presentation of the learnings from nine countries, UNICEF Innocenti, Florence, July 2024.
01 July 2024

Webinar on interventions to address intimate partner violence and violence against children

Join UNICEF, The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), and Sexual Violence Research Initiative (SVRI), to discuss our recently published article in The Lancet Public Health, titled Interventions that prevent or respond to intimate partner violence against women and violence against children: A systematic review. Date Time…, Speakers, Najat Maalla M'jid, Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children (SRSG/VAC), United Nations On 30 May 2019, the Secretary-General appointed Dr. Najat Maalla M'jid (Morocco) as his Special Representative on Violence against Children. Dr. Maalla M'jid took up her position on 1st July 2019. Dr. M'jid, a medical doctor in paediatrics, has…, Sheema Sen Gupta, Director, Child Protection, Programme Group, UNICEF Sheema Sen Gupta took up the role of Director, Child Protection, in August 2023. Ms. Sen Gupta's UNICEF career spans both development and complex humanitarian contexts, making her well experienced in advocating for child rights in complex emergencies. In her various roles, she led programmes…, Alessandra Guedes, Gender and Development Manager (Violence against girls, boys and women), UNICEF Innocenti Alessandra Guedes joined Innocenti in 2019 to lead the development and implementation of a research programme to address key issues and constraints to achieving gender equity within child protection, with a particular focus on addressing the interlinkages…, Loraine J Bacchus, Professor of Global Public Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, LSHTM Loraine is a social scientist whose research focuses on the development and evaluation of complex interventions within health systems and services that address violence against women and against men in same sex relationships. She also conducts research on…, Manuela Colombini, Associate Professor, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, LSHTM Manuela is an Associate professor in Health Systems and Policy and Co-Director of the Gender Violence and Health Centre in the Department of Global Health and Development at LSHTM. She has conducted research in gender-based violence, health systems readiness, integration…, Ana Flavia d’Oliveira, Assistant professor at the Preventive Department - Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo Ana Flávia Pires Lucas d’Oliveira is a MD, PhD, assistant professor at the Preventive Department- Faculty of Medicine – University of São Paulo.  She has been researching, assisting  and training on gender based violence and health since 1994. She was…, Don Cipriani, Director, Ignite Philanthropy Don is the Director of Ignite Philanthropy: Inspiring the End to Violence Against Girls and Boys, a collaboration among private foundations working to stop violence against girls and boys everywhere. Don previously served as the founding Director of the Communities for Just Schools Fund, enlisting nearly 20…, Ritha Nyiratunga, Senior Associate, The Prevention Collaborative Ritha has over 14 years of experience working as a practitioner in the field of violence against women and girls prevention. She is skilled in programming for violence prevention, with a focus on working with couples and engaging men and boys for violence prevention.She also has experience programming…, Senzekile Bengu, Convener of the provincial Violence Prevention Forum, Institute for Security Studies Senzekile (Senzi) Bengu is a researcher in the ISS’ Justice and Violence Prevention program and the convenor of the Western Cape Violence Prevention Forum. She is a leader, facilitator, and community builder. Before joining the ISS, Senzi was a researcher at the…, Elizabeth Dartnall, Executive Director, Sexual Violence Research Initiative (SVRI) Elizabeth Dartnall is a health specialist with over 20 years’ research and policy- making experience on health systems, mental health, violence against women and violence against children. Having worked in several countries, in both government and research positions, Liz has a deep…
18 June 2024

Neurotechnology and children

In the next five to 10 years, neurotechnologies – ranging from brain implants to non-invasive devices like watches and headbands – will affect daily life for many children. The technologies stand to bring potential benefits in areas such as health, education, wellness and play.However, they also pose risks – known and unknown – especially given children’s evolving capacities and physical brain development. Unchecked, neurotechnology could be used to infer insights about children’s mental states, and predict and influence behaviours. Wearable devices are spilling over from the medical domain into the consumer market and are not subject to ethical or legal oversight, reducing protections for children.Robust guidance and the development and enforcement of adequate regulation in the present and near future are needed to protect and empower children.This working paper explains what neurotechnology is and, through the lens of opportunities and risks, highlights current applications of neurotechnology involving children, and considers future and emerging uses. It concludes with preliminary recommendations towards child-centred neurotechnology.Watch this space: This working paper, which is part of a partnership between UNICEF and the Government of Finland, will be followed by a set of more detailed policy recommendations to guide neurotechnology policymaking and development for children.Suggested citation: Pauwels, Eleonore, Neurotechnology and Children, UNICEF Innocenti – Global Office of Research and Foresight, Florence, June 2024.  
10 June 2024

Remittances and children

Worldwide, financial streams from developed nations to their developing counterparts are on the retreat. Foreign aid and investments are dwindling, and rising interest rates make it increasingly challenging and costly for these nations to secure the necessary financing for investment in children and families. Consequently, reliance on alternative…, What are remittances?, Remittances generally refer to  imf. org | What Are Remittances? - Back to Basics: Economics Concepts Explained funds sent privately by migrant workers to their families, friends, or other associates in (primarily) developing countries. These transfers typically occur from developed to developing nations but also include transfers between…, Why do remittances matter for children?, Beyond their undeniable economic importance, remittances are a vital lifeline for underprivileged children and marginalized communities. For many households, in regions where economic opportunities are scarce, remittances  aeaweb.org | Remittances and Income Smoothing stabilize household incomes and offer a buffer against financial shocks.  For…, Barriers and Innovations in Remittance Transfers., Despite their potential, remittances face significant barriers due to the complexities of cross-border payments entrenched within the banking infrastructure. One systemic barrier is the reliance on outdated infrastructure of the international banking system, which often requires multiple intermediary banks, adding to the cost and time required for…, Enhancing the Impact of Remittances on Child Wellbeing, Maximizing the impact of remittances, especially for the benefit of children, requires a concerted effort to enhance their accessibility, efficiency, and effective use. This involves reforms at both international and national levels, focusing on policy, regulation, technological development, and empowering children to be active participants in…, Reduce Remittance Costs, Governments: Foster competition in the remittance market by easing regulatory requirements, especially for small transfers, and removing barriers in specific remittance corridors. Advocate for public-owned banks to offer easy conversion of cryptocurrencies and stablecoins, promoting the adoption of peer-to-peer payments and pressuring traditional…, Enhance Digital and Financial Literacy, Connectivity and Digital Literacy: Improve internet connectivity and smartphone accessibility in underserved areas to facilitate the adoption of digital remittance platforms. Implement large-scale digital literacy programs targeting potential remittance senders and recipients across all ages, including adults, youth, and children. Financial…, Expand Financial Inclusion and Empowerment, Banking and Microfinance: Expand access to banking and microfinance services to offer greater choice, reduce reliance on informal channels, increase transparency, and ensure broader benefits from remittances. Develop tailored solutions to address the unique challenges faced by refugees in accessing remittances. Empower Children and Women: Promote…, Leveraging Remittances for Development, Diaspora bonds: Unlock the development impact of remittances by offering an accessible and meaningful investment vehicle for diasporas. Their success hinges on balanced returns and transparent community engagement. By providing attractive returns for migrants and manageable rates for governments, these bonds  can create a win-win scenario.…