Implementation Research Compendium

A systematic presentation of the learnings from nine countries


Achieving results for children requires a shift in how we implement innovative approaches, evidence-based policies and programmatic interventions. Drawing from nine country case studies, this compendium highlights the potential of implementation research (IR) to ensure that interventions are not only based on solid evidence but also effectively implemented to achieve the best outcomes for children. IR helps close the gap between what is known and what is done, ensuring that proven strategies are effectively translated into real-world actions that benefit children. in this

Prominent themes include:

  • The potential of IR for customization and adaptation of interventions to fit specific cultural, social, and economic contexts.
  • The importance of involving local stakeholders, including communities, to ensure interventions are accepted, supported, and sustained.
  • The potential of IR for continuous improvement and timely identification and rectification of implementation bottlenecks.
  • IR’s role in increasing the evidence about what works, why, and how.
  • The power of IR to ensure that interventions are equitable.

The case studies also suggest ways future IR can be improved and strengthened.

UNICEF is committed to IR as a key difference-maker in accelerating outcomes for children and encourages its wider use to improve results for children and meet Sustainable Development Goals.

Suggested citation: UNICEF Innocenti – Global Office of Research and Foresight, Implementation Research Compendium: A systematic presentation of the learnings from nine countries, UNICEF Innocenti, Florence, July 2024.

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Anne-Marie Baan, Benjamin Hickler, Jane Lewis, Kerry Albright, Robert W. Scherpbier, Taitos Matafeni and Tom Steele
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