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At a glance: Gambia

The big picture

Click for a detailed map (PDF)

This map does not reflect a position by UNICEF on the legal status of any country or territory or the delimitation of any frontiers.

The Gambia has an estimated population of 1.3 million, which is growing at a rate of 4.2 per cent per annum. Nearly 49 per cent of the Gambia's population is below 18 years of age, with 19 per cent age 15 to 24, and 22 per cent of women age 15 to 49. Approximatly 69 per cent of the population is below the poverty line. In rural areas, 60 per cent of households are extremely poor. The highest levels of poverty are found in the Central River Division (CRD), Lower River Division (LRD) and Upper River Division (URD).

UNICEF Priorities

The involvement of youth in breaking the culture of silence surrounding HIV/AIDS has provided a useful strategy.  Building on this experience, the UNICEF addresses critical but sensitive issues such as arranged and early marriages, teenage pregnancy and violence against girls and women. In cooperation with civil society organizations and other development partners, effective community participation has been harnessed to increase enrolment and retention of girls in school. The innovative Baby-Friendly Community Initiative demonstrated that breastfeeding promotion not only mobilizes communities and families to protect, support and promote exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, but can also be an effective entry point for other community-based activities.

Integration of basic services for the provision of water and sanitation in primary schools has made schools more secure and girl-friendly, which favours access and retention.

In collaboration with NGOs, youth and development partners, UNICEF :

  • creates awareness of children's and women's rights nationwide, to ensure their promotion and respect through communication for behavioural and social change, community participation and social mobilization;
  • supports legislative and institutional reforms in conformity with the two Conventions; and
  • introduces rights and civic education in schools to enhance peace building and participation in development. This programme also aims to protect children in special need, particularly adolescents and disabled children, in selected geographic areas.



Basic Indicators

Under-5 mortality rank


Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 1990


Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 2012


U5MR by sex 2012, male


U5MR by sex 2012, female


Infant mortality rate (under 1), 1990


Infant mortality rate (under 1), 2012


Neonatal mortality rate 2012


Total population (thousands) 2012


Annual no. of births (thousands) 2012


Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thousands) 2012


GNI per capita (US$) 2012


Life expectancy at birth (years) 2012


Total adult literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*


Primary school net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2011*


Definitions and data sources [popup]

Source: The State of the World's Children

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