The issue of inequity

UNICEF's vision for children in Indonesia

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Facts and figures


Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

During the UN General Assembly in 2015, leaders from 193 countries made a far-reaching promise to make the world a better place by 2030. The Agenda 2030 and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) address the main challenges we are facing today, including poverty and inequity, hunger and disease, violence and climate change. The agenda explicitly recognizes the importance of investing in children as well as their role as critical agents of change. Sometimes referred to as zero targets, these global goals will only be considered met if they are achieved for all children, everywhere.

President Joko Widodo began his tenure in 2014 with his own far-reaching promise to improve the quality of life throughout Indonesia, a vision summarized in his Nawa Cita or Nine Programmes. The Nawa Cita also provides a basis for the Government to localize and adapt the SDGs to the Indonesian context. Investments in maternal and newborn health, early childhood development and education, and the prevention of violence and abuse play a crucial role when it comes to achieving these ambitious goals.

Why are the SDGs important for children in Indonesia?

The SDGs – with their strong emphasis on equity, inclusive societies and rights – are a platform, a framework and a compelling global agenda to invest in children up-front. The children of today will be the markers for the extent to which Indonesia will have achieved the SDGs in 2030.

Of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, 13 are directly related to children’s opportunities to grow up free from poverty, healthy and protected, and able to develop their full potential. An analysis by UNICEF Indonesia shows that eight goals are especially important for children in Indonesia. These include the goals related to child poverty (SDG 1), malnutrition (SDG 2), health (SDG 3), education, including early childhood development (SDG 4), violence against children (SDG 5 and 16), water and sanitation (SDG 6), and climate change (SDG 13).

What does UNICEF do to support progress towards the SDGs in Indonesia?

UNICEF actively supports the Government in rolling out the SDGs at national and sub-national level. In early 2016, the global SDG agenda was analyzed to develop advocacy materials and technical briefs on priority SDG targets and indicators for children in Indonesia, their current status, and guidance on how they can be measured. At the same time, UNICEF worked with the national Bureau of Statistics (BPS) to fill data gaps for SDG targets on child marriage and water quality.

UNICEF also provides support to take the implementation of the SDGs to the community level by leveraging the Government’s Village Funds and through a collaboration with the Ministry of Villages.  UNICEF provides guidance on the development of local SDG targets related to children that require action and can be monitored at village level (for example, through investments in WASH in schools, support for community health care and support to address infant and child mortality, universal birth registration, among others).




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