Reducing the risk of HIV and protecting those affected
While official data indicates an HIV prevalence rate of 0.4 per cent in Indonesia, Papua and West Papua report an adult prevalence of 2.3 per cent, and young people in these provinces (15 – 24 years) are disproportionately affected with a prevalence rate of 3.0 per cent.
The highest risks of transmission are known to come from behaviours – including unprotected sex and intravenous drug use – and from infected mothers to their children before and during birth.
The number of HIV infected women is increasing in Indonesia, making the likelihood of such transmission even higher.
UNICEF works with the National HIV Commission, the Ministry of Health, local health and education agencies, as well as with community and youth networks to UNICEF works to increase knowledge and understanding of the risks from HIV and how people can protect themselves.increase knowledge and understanding of the risks from HIV and how people can protect themselves.
This work involves providing accurate information for teachers and students, linking HIV education to other youth activities such as sport, and supporting youth activists to undertake peer to peer education in their communities.
We also support efforts to reduce the stigma associated with those living with the HIV virus, to ensure that those who are affected – both those with the virus and their families – are not affected by discrimination. This work is linked closely to support for life skills education amongst young people, which promotes tolerance and understanding.
UNICEF also works to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV by strengthening the capacity of different health care providers to deliver pro-active testing and counselling services, integrating these services with maternal, newborn and child health programmes especially in high prevalence districts.
We also work with the local government and partners to support activities to prevent HIV infection among women of childbearing age and to prevent unintended pregnancies among women living with HIV.