Health and Nutrition


Priority Issues

UNICEF in Action



Health and nutrition
© UNICEF Indonesia/2014

 Children in Indonesia face a range of health and nutrition challenges.  Nearly 1 in 30 children under 5 years old dies before reaching primary school. This is the result of many factors including: 
 Coverage with basic interventions remains poor in many settings:

Indonesia has the 4th highest number of unimmunized children in the world, as only 25% of children are fully immunized country-wide.

Just one-third of children receive appropriate treatment for diarrhoea – a common cause of death.  Levels of preventable deaths in the first 28 days of life have been stagnant for the past two decades, pointing to major quality of care issues.

Indonesia battles high levels of acute and chronic malnutrition– at 37% and 12% respectively; while simultaneously having to address the growing burden of childhood obesity. 

 The country is also home to vast inequalities. The poorer, eastern parts of the archipelago have levels of mortality that are four times higher than provinces in the west. More than half of babies are born at home in these areas, while access to institutional deliveries is nearly universal in wealthier parts of the country. Eastern Indonesia also faces a high burden of malaria – more than 70million Indonesian citizens still live in areas with malaria. While the country is making good progress in malaria elimination, Eastern Indonesia still faces the highest burden of malaria.



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