Education and youth

Education and youth


Education and youth

© UNICEF Indonesia/2016/ Radit

Indonesia has made tremendous progress in ensuring primary school children get an education - some 99 per cent of children aged between 7 and 12 years old are enrolled in school.

However, nearly 4 million Indonesian children aged 7-15 are still not attending school.

Looking at statistics from the provincial and district levels shows that certain groups of children are worst affected - children from the poorest households are four times more likely to be out of school than those in the richest.

The vast majority of out-of-school children are those who drop out during the transition to higher levels of education. There is a positive correlation between a mother's education and the probability of a child being in school; the higher the education of the mother, the higher the probability that a child will be in school.

Understanding and responding to these challenges is central to UNICEF’s work in education, including:

  • Strengthening the collection of data on the situation of children in schools, and out of classes, through community-based information systems
  • Assessing the reasons why many young children do not participate in early childhood development, which limits their success in entering and completing primary classes, and other barriers to primary school enrolment and completion
  • Improving the skills of school principals, supervisors, and education officials to manage and deliver quality primary education that reaches all children
  • Engaging communities and local civil society to deliver better quality services for marginalised children, for example through improved school-based management



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