The children

The big picture

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

The early years

The school years

Adolescents and youth

Facts and figures


The big picture

The big picture
© UNICEF Indonesia/2016/ Radit

The situation of children and women in Indonesia has made substantial improvement over recent years. National trends, however, mask significant disparities across geographic regions and different groups of society.  Due to the large size of the country, these disparities, although at times small in percentage, often equate to large numbers. This challenge is exacerbated by the geographic spread of the population across 17,000 islands and a distance of over 5,000 km from west to east which is central to efforts to realize children’s rights in Indonesia.

Indonesia has around 85 million children, or one-third of the national population, which is the fourth-largest of any country. These children have witnessed impressive economic gains of approximately 4-10 per cent per year for several decades. Demographically, Indonesia’s declining fertility and mortality rates mean that the so called ‘demographic divide’ between birth rates and life expectancies will diminish by the 2030s, while the large young population will continue to sustain considerable momentum for future economic growth.

This growth, however, has been accompanied to date by rising inequality and urbanization; about 53 per cent of the population now live in urban areas, a trend which is projected to continue well into the future. Meanwhile, there are still alarmingly high levels of both extreme poverty (14.5 percent) and moderate poverty (48.7 percent). Hundreds of thousands of children are impacted each year by natural and human-induced disasters and that number is likely to increase due to the accelerating impact of climate change.

To address the challenges children are experiencing in Indonesia, UNICEF’s work focuses on the most marginalized and socially excluded among them. The programme aims to support Indonesia in the realization of the rights for all children, as enshrined in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and articulated in the Government’s Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN 2015 - 2019).



 Email this article

unite for children