Disaster risk management

Disaster Risk Reduction


Disaster Risk Reduction

© ©UNICEF Indonesia/2015/ Estey



Situated on the ‘ring of fire’, Indonesia is highly vulnerable to earthquakes and volcano eruptions. Weather- and climate-related hazards such as floods, landslides, droughts and wild fires are also becoming more pronounced as the climate changes. National capacity for Disaster Risk Reduction, Emergency Preparedness and Response (DRR) has increased substantially since the 2004 tsunami; likewise, Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation efforts are gaining momentum. UNICEF provides technical support to ensure children’s rights are being met in the process.


Widespread and prolonged peatland and forest fires during the 2015 El Nino event was a stark reminder of Indonesia’s dependence on industry-driven deforestation, and its vulnerability to the accompanying impacts on environment, health, economy and social life. With 63 per cent of the country’s total emissions stemming from land use change and wildfires, Indonesia remains one of the biggest greenhouse gas emitters on the globe.


Fuelled by the illegal draining of carbon-rich peatlands and slash-and-burn land clearing, the agricultural fires creates toxic haze. Research has linked haze exposure to a wide range of negative health impacts in children, including acute respiratory disease, permanent lung damage, impaired cognitive development and early death. The annual fires also force schools to close, disrupting children’s learning.


Due to incomplete data, irregular monitoring and inconsistent public messaging, the full range of impacts on children is not yet fully understood. But young people exhibit low understanding of both the risks of exposure and their own ability to protect themselves.



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