Social policy


Priority Issues

UNICEF in Action



© ©UNICEF Indonesia/2016/ Watson



Poverty is one of the root causes that prevent children from developing to their full potential. Growing up in poverty impacts on children’s health and nutrition, their educational attainment and psychosocial well-being which in turn makes it less likely for them to become economically self-sufficient and succeed in the labour market as adults. In Indonesia, 57 per cent of all children live on less than around IDR 25,000 a day.


Because poverty impacts on all aspects of children’s lives, different strategies have to come together. For example, schools and health services have to be accessible for all but also reach out to children that are especially vulnerable or missing out. But this will not be sustainable if children and their families continue to lack the basic financial security to make ends meet.


In many countries child grants – regular cash transfers for children without any strings attached – have shown to be effective in reducing child poverty, improving children’s health and nutrition status, school attendance and performance. Having income security also helps caregivers to save and become more economically active and in turn stimulate the local economy.



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