The north-western portion of Andhra Pradesh was separated to form the new state of Telangana on 2 June 2014, and Hyderabad remains the acting capital of both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states for a period of ten years. Telangana region consists mostly of hills, mountain ranges, and thick dense forests covering an area.
This newest state faces a plethora of challenges. With inequities in provision of healthcare in tribal and urban areas and high C-section rates the state must improve the quality of care provided.
Stunting and wasting along with low breastfeeding practices; the state must devise a multi-dimensional plan to combat the problems. Telangana is also battling ‘triple nutrition’ burden scenario: under nutrition, over nutrition/ obesity and anaemia affect women.
With low access to quality early childhood education and poor learning levels of both boys and girls, the state faces a big challenge in providing quality education for children. Support is also needed in implementation of the Right to Education Act (RTE).
Telangana is the only state in the south which is yet to declare as Open Defecation-free (ODF). Sustaining the ODF status in few districts is a huge challenge. The state also faces drinking water problems along with low maintenance and functionality of WASH facilities in schools, anganwadi centers and health centers.
Child labour, school safety and absence of statutory and non-statutory structures in the newly created districts of Telangana pose a serious threat in protecting children.