Chhattisgarh is one of the newest states in India. It is a resource and mineral rich state, that is one of the fastest-developing in India. The State is a source of electricity and steel, accounting for 15 per cent of the total steel produced. Chhattisgarh has a population of about 26 million, more than three-quarters of which live in rural and remote areas. Many of Chhattisgarh’s most disadvantaged people live in hard-to-reach terrains.
Chhattisgarh is home to a population of diverse ethnic, social, religious and linguistic backgrounds. More than one-third of the State’s residents officially belong to Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes. About 31 per cent belong to more than 43 tribes, including particularly vulnerable tribal groups.
About 41 per cent of the State’s population are children aged 0-18 years with 3.6 million children aged 0-6 years constituting 14 per cent of the total population. The seven districts of Bastar Region (which has a considerably volatile socio-political environment) account for 12 per cent of the total 0-6 child population of Chhattisgarh.
Conflict exacerbates already existing vulnerabilities and inequalities, risking lives and livelihoods.
Children living in tribal communities in remote areas are particularly vulnerable.