Andhra Pradesh is situated in the south-east of India and is the seventh-largest state. The north-western portion of Andhra Pradesh was separated to form the new state of Telangana on 2 June 2014, and Hyderabad remains the acting capital of both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states for a period of ten years. Andhra Pradesh has a coastline of 974 km – the second-longest coastline among the states of India, after Gujarat.
A few of the key indicators of the state: As per Sample Registration System 2015, the under-five mortality rate stands at 39 per 1000 live births while neonatal mortality rate stands at 24 per 1000. The maternal mortality ratio is 92 per 100,000 live births (Source: SRS 2011-2013). Based on the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 4, 17.2 per cent of children under the age of five years are wasted and 4.5 per cent of children under age five are severely wasted. The rural sanitation coverage stands at 57 per cent (Source: Swachh Bharat Mission MIS). As per NFHS 4, 32.7 per cent women aged 20-24 years are married before the legal age of 18 years, which is higher than the national average. The prevalence of marriage among adolescent girls aged 15-19 years is higher among Scheduled Tribes than other communities.
In the last decade, significant achievements have been made in education, primary enrolment is near universal, participation in upper primary schools has increased and there are improvements in learning levels. At the same time, learning outcomes at Grade 5 and Grade 8 remain low. Andhra Pradesh, post bifurcation, is working towards setting up model schools, especially for girls despite a severe shortage of qualified personnel. The Annual Status of Education Report 2016 findings show that after 10 years, reading and arithmetic scores have improved in public-funded schools in the early grades.
The biggest differences between studying in a private school and a government school has been the poor learning outcome of students.
The state has created a platform for women’s economic participation through self-help groups and functions in both rural and urban areas. The state has taken some positive steps with the articulation of Vision Swarnandhra 2029 to drive social and economic policies and by notifying a state institute of transformation on the lines of NITI Aayog. The government has already operationalized the ‘SMART Village SMART Ward’ programme and a state Nutrition Mission.