Situation Analysis

Examples of Recent Situation Analyses

The following are examples of recently published Situation Analyses from Brazil, Djibouti, the Eastern Caribbean, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal and the Russian Federation.

The State of Brazil's Children, 2006. Children up to the age of 6 years. The Right to Survival and Development. The annual report on the State of Brazil's Children, 2006 places emphasis on the first 6 years of a child's life, a phase of fundamental importance for wholesome development of the individual. To this end, integrated child-development programs provide an efficient form of intervention to help children, families, communities, and nations breach the intergenerational poverty cycle. Those first years are forever, and Brazil must give priority to its almost 23 million citizens in this age group.

Analysis of the Situation of Women and Children in the Republic of Djibouti, 2007 (in French).
This situation analysis has been undertaken in the context of the preparation of a new programme of cooperation between UNICEF and the Government of Djibouti covering 2008-2012, and as a complement to the Common Country Assessment made by the UN country team. The analysis was also based on new data provided by the Multiple Indicator Survey preliminary report. The situation of children has been addressed in terms of the life cycle - early childhood (0-5 years), children of school age (6-14 years), and adolescents and youth (15-24 years) - with a special emphasis on child protection. The Analysis was undertaken with a human rights based approach in relation to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women.

Situation Analysis of children and women in the Eastern Caribbean, 2007. The 10 countries covered by this report include Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, the British Virgin Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and the Turks and Caicos Islands. These countries are political stable, have open and competitive democratic systems, and have social indicators that point to the commitment of governments to improve the quality of life of residents. Despite these considerable advances, countries face unique challenges in providing services to children and their famlies. Using a rights based framework, review and synthesis of existing data, and consultations with partners and stakeholders including children, this Situation Analysis examines progress in the achievement of the rights of children and women and identifies gaps and priorities for future action.

Children in Six Districts of Upper Egypt: A Situation Analysis
Children's rights are among the country's utmost concerns. This analysis is intended to deepen knowledge and understanding of the regional disparities described in the national Situation Analysis undertaken by UNICEF in 2002. It is critical to the success of programmes in the area, enabling an evidence-based approach and providing baseline indicators on children's rights and well-being as we support change. The successes and challenges chronicled in this analysis will allow directing efforts more precisely to those most in need of assistance - in other words, to "reach the un-reached" - while simultaneously ensuring sustainability of these services.

Promoting the Rights of Children in Iraq. Rekindling Hope In A Time of Crisis. Situation Analysis, August 2007 (also in Arabic)
This report analyzes the conditions of Iraqi children today within the limitations imposed by available data and rapidly changing conditions due to the growing humanitarian crisis. It seeks to identify the causes of the present situation, assess development responses, and recommend priority interventions. The human rights to which children are entitled under international conventions inform the analysis, which children's rights during different stages of their life cycle approach. Throughout, the voices of Iraqis themselves - the youth, the civil servants, and civil society - are recorded to communicate what it is like to be a child in Iraq today and to work for children's rights.

Children in Jordan, Situation Analysis 2006-2007 (also in Arabic)
Fulfilling the rights of children will also help ensure the achievement of Millennium Development Goals. This is where the Situation Analysis of Children in Jordan is such an exceptional tool. UNICEF supported the development of the Situation Analysis in an innovative and participatory way in consultation with members of governmental and non-governmental bodies, young people, members of disadvantaged communities, and children with disabilities or those living in institutions. The analysis focused on the different phases of childhood. The gender lens was also applied for the different age groups to compare the situation between girls and boys. In addition, the impact of the mother's status on aspects of their children's lives was considered, along with factors that have a bearing on women's own status.

Situation of Children and Women in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, 2006
As the basis for UNICEF's work in the country, this analysis is meant to illuminate and expound on the linkages between the prevailing conditions that impact on the situation of women and children.  The life-cycle perspective employed promotes a holistic analysis that unifies many sectoral and contextual issues. It illuminates the intergenerational perspective necessary for dealing with both chronic crisis and longer-term development. In short, it is useful in understanding the totality of children and women's needs and interests and the causalities between them.

Situation Analysis of Children and Women in Mongolia, 2007
In the current report, the situation of children and women in Mongolia has been analyzed in the framework of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). UNICEF's priorities to realize the intrinsic rights of children to a basic quality of life correlates closely with the MDGs set by United Nations States in 2000 - and is central to meeting 13 out of the 48 indicators of progress toward the Goals. This is particularly important at the stage when we turn towards the New Country Programme Cycle 2007-2011. The Government of Mongolia adopted a 9th MDG on democratic governance and human rights. In February 2008, the Mongolian parliament adopted a draft MDG-based National Development Strategy (NDS) which will serve as the basis towards formulating medium-term programmes, sectoral strategies and cooperation programmes with the donor community in Mongolia.

La Situation Des Enfants Au Maroc. Analyse selon l'approche basée sur les droits humains, 2007 (in French)
Using a human rights-based approach to analyze the evolution of the situation of children in Morocco during the last five years, we can identify the principal failures with respect to the rights of the children, analyze the causes, and thereafter generate the strategies for each level of non-realization of these rights. The application of a rights-based approach to the period 2001-2005 shows that the country has unquestionably achieved significant progress on child rights, in particular on the rights to protection, education, health and participation. The adoption of the Plan d'Action National pour l'Enfance (PANE), the new family Code which returns dignity to the Moroccan woman and protects the girl, the reform of the law on nationality, and the harmonization of criminal justice with the Convention of the Rights of the Child are some of the factors that have enabled progress.

Child Poverty in Mozambique. A Situation and Trend Analysis, 2006
The report was written by a lead team comprised of the Ministry of Planning and Development and UNICEF and was developed through a consultative process, with the participation of representatives of the Government, the UN family, bilateral and multilateral donors, non-governmental and civil society organisations and children. It is intended to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive reference for all stakeholders involved in the fight against childhood poverty, highlighting the varied and interrelated challenges faced by both Mozambican children and by development partners seeking to address those challenges. This in turn is intended to inform the development and implementation of policies that help to reduce childhood poverty and strategies to reach the most vulnerable and marginalised children.

Situation of Children and Women in Nepal, 2006
This document on the situation of children and women in Nepal focuses its analysis on patterns of exclusion and why it is so. It aims to be a source of improved understanding and appreciation for the development challenges present in Nepal today: their complexity, trend over time, and responses. While the contours of the overall impact of conflict are also noted, the situation changes frequently and is often not the same in two districts. The report gives us up to date analysis (problems and causes) for children and women in Nepal across all sectors of relevance for UNICEF, to be base for planning the next country programme and to feed into the UN CCA for the next, harmonize cycle.

Situation Analysis of Children in the Russian Federation 2007
This UNICEF Situation Analysis of Children and Women in the Russian Federation strives to assess the progress for children regarding advances towards the MillenniumDevelopment Goals (MDGs), which address poverty and hunger, child and maternal mortality and HIV and other diseases, while also promoting universal primary education,gender equality, environmental sustainability and a global partnership for development by 2015. The report focuses its attention upon the underlying and structural causes ofproblems that children face; it indicates how the Government is addressing theseproblems; and proposes further actions to accelerate progress.




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