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Eradicating Polio

Polio vaccine and supply

© UNICEF/Afghanistan/Lewis
Supply Division reviews supply chain management for polio vaccine.

As the world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF is uniquely suited to procure sufficient quantities of Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) to ensure adequate supplies and competitive prices for national campaigns. UNICEF also supports the delivery of other immunization supplies such as vitamin A and insecticide treated nets (ITN) in conjunction with polio-related activities.

UNICEF works with established and new manufacturers to procure OPV on behalf of national governments, GPEI and UNICEF programmes for both routine immunisation and supplementary immunisation activities (SIAs). Since 2000, UNICEF OPV procurement has averaged 1.8 billion doses annually. However, UNICEF procurement has declined since 2010, reaching 1.3 billion doses in 2012. The decline is principally a result of India’s transition to self-procurement of OPV in late 2010.

In addition to procuring OPV, UNICEF also secures price reductions while ensuring vaccine security. Such security depends on guaranteed production of vaccines, multi-year allocations for vaccine financing and long-term forecasting of vaccine requirements.



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