Reinfected countries

UNICEF Image: Administering vaccine to child
© UNICEF/HQ06-1830/Josh Estey
INDONESIA: A child receives oral polio vaccine at the ‘Posyandu’ (integrated health post) in Sesawi District on West Timur.

Between 2003 and 2007, twenty seven countries were re-infected with imported poliovirus, twenty of them as a result of viruses originating from northern Nigeria. Consequently, 2005-2006 was a period of unprecedented innovation to address these challenges.  Medical advancement, such as the development of monovalent vaccines (mOPV) and refined infection confirmation procedures, combined with targeted communication activities to help many of the re-infected countries again achieve polio free status.

The six remaining countries, Angola, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Niger, Myanmar and Somalia, reported at total 64 cases on WPV in 2007, less than half of the number of the previous year. Activities at the global and regional level focused on outbreak response and capacity development. Rapid surveys of national capacity were conducted and countries were provided human resources as well as technical guidance. Communication activities have been tailored to the specific needs of each re-infected country, including national campaigns and localized efforts to reach underserved populations in at-risk areas. Country programs have also been backed up by global support activities include training, strategic guidance and media / advocacy.

Nevertheless, virus circulation has persisted in Niger, spilling over again in to Chad and Sudan in 2007. The DRC has also had an increase in cases, with nearly five times as many cases reported this year as in 2006. A communication STOP team is now being deployed to Niger, but activities in Chad and DRC will require longer term support through global monitors and continued technical guidance.



What's this

Digg, Del.icio.us, and Newsvine are web services enabling you to share stories on the Internet.

The blog this article feature enables you to generate a short summary of this article, ready to be pasted in a blog post.

Digg and Newsvine are social news sites, where the top news stories are selected not by an editor but by its collective users. Explore Digg and Newsvine for yourself.

Del.icio.us is a social bookmarking website where you can tag and share your favourite web pages, rather than bookmarking them in the traditional way inside your web browser. Try out Del.icio.us

ShareThis is a tool that helps you share articles across multiple platforms.

Blog this article

Post this article to your blog. The story’s headline, main picture and summary will be displayed on your page as in the preview below.
Writing the rest of the blog post will be up to you!

Click in the area below, then copy the code and paste it in your blog page:

Preview :