Articles and related evidence

Child health

Robert E Black, Saul S Morris, Jennifer Bryce, Where and why are 10 million children dying every year? (PDF). Lancet Vol 361, pp 2226-34, June 28, 2003.

Schellenberg J et al. Inequities among the very poor: health care for children in rural southern Tanzania (PDF). Lancet Vol 361, pp 561-566, February 2003.


WHO, Effect of breastfeeding on infant and child mortality due to infectious diseases in less developed countries: a pooled analysis (PDF). Lancet 451-455, 2000.

HIV and Infant Feeding

UNICEF, A Report of WABA-UNICEF Colloquium (external), 20-21 September 2002, Arusha, Tanzania.

ORT and Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS)

Victora CG, Bryce J, Fontaine O, Monasch R.  Reducing deaths from diarrhea through oral rehydration therapy (PDF). Bull World Health Organ 2000; 78:1246
UNICEF/WHO Update, March 2002.

Measles Vaccine

Aaby P, Samb B, et al, No long-term excess mortality after measles infection: a community study from Senegal (external). Am J Epidemiol. 1996 May 15;143(10):1035-41.


Shankar AH, Prasad AS, Zinc and immune function: the biological basis of altered resistance to infection (PDF). Am J Clin Nutr 1998;66 (suppl): 447-463.

ITNs and Anti-malarials

Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, Working Paper 6, The Evidence Base for Interventions to Reduce Malaria Mortality in Low and Middle-Income Countries (PDF), September 2001.

Schellenberg JR et al. Effect of large-scale social marketing of insecticide-treated nets on child survival in rural Tanzania (PDF). Lancet 357: 1241-1247, 2001.

S. Bienvenum, S. Amadou, K. Alfred, B. Tiono, N. Convelbo, S. Cousens and Franco Pagnoni, Early treatment of childhood fevers with pre-packaged antimalarial drugs in the home reduces severe malaria morbidity in Burkina Faso (external). Tropical Medicine and International Health Vol. 8 no 2 pp 133–139, February 2003.

The western Kenya insecticide-treated bed net trial (external). Am J Trop med Hyg, 68 (suppl 4), 2003.

Intermittent preventive treatment for infants (IPTi)

David Schellenberg, Clara Menendez, Elizeus Kahigwa, John Aponte, Josep Vidal, Marcel Tanner, Hassan Mshinda, Pedro Alonso  Intermittent treatment for malaria and anaemia control at time of routine vaccinations in Tanzanian infants: a randomised, placebo-controlled trial (PDF). Lancet 357 Issue 9267, pp 1471-77, 2001.

Julius J Massaga, Andrew Y Kitua,Martha M Lemnge, Jumaa A Akida,Lincoln N Malle,Anita M Rønn, Thor G Theander,Ib C Bygbjerg, Effect of intermittent treatment with amodiaquine on anaemia and malarial fevers in infants in Tanzania:a randomised placebo-controlled trial (PDF). The Lancet Vol. 361 pp 1853-60, May 2003.

Antibiotics (Community Management of Pneumonia)

WHO, CAH, Evidence base for the community management of pneumonia (Word), June 11-12, 2002, Stockholm, Sweden.

Emergency Obstetric Care (EmOC)

Maine, D., et al. Why Did Maternal Mortality Decline in Matlab? (external) Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 27, 4; July/Aug 1996.

Danel, Isabella. Maternal Mortality Reduction, Honduras, 1990-1997: A Case Study Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (PDF). Report prepared for the World Bank.

Egyptian Ministry of Health and Population, Egypt National Maternal Mortality Study 2000, USAID, JSI.


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