© UNICEF/NYHQ2009-0685/Ramoneda

A boy sits with some of his belongings in Jalozai Camp in Nowshera District. In 2009, conflict between militants and government forces affected an estimated 2.7 million people, many of whom have little or no access to basic social services.

Critical Issues for Children and Women

It is estimated that more than 2.7 million people have been adversely affected by armed conflict in Pakistan during 2009. This includes the displacement of more than 1.4 million people due to fierce fighting between militants and government forces in the north-western part of the country.  Although some of those affected have been able to return home once the government re-gained control of the area, they face badly damaged infrastructure and have little or no access to basic social services; significant numbers are still living in temporary shelters. Elsewhere, in one of the poorest regions in Pakistan, ongoing conflict is leaving around 500,000 people vulnerable to crossfire and without sufficient heath care, nutrition or education. All of these factors are contributing to high rates of malnutrition, typically around 10 per cent among children under five and outbreaks of diarrhoea and acute respiratory infections, especially among children in displaced camps and host communities.

Planned Humanitarian Action for 2010

UNICEF will work with the Government of Pakistan, NGOs and United Nations agencies to respond to the needs of the 1.2 million displaced people living in camps and host communities. In addition, UNICEF will support community-based early recovery activities for 1.7 million conflict-affected people, which will benefit an additional 1 million people in the areas of conflict. As lead of the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, Nutrition and Education Clusters and the Child Protection Sub-Cluster, UNICEF’s focus will be on ensuring access to health and nutrition care, safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, a safe learning environment and strengthened child protection networks, especially for children at risk of recruitment or released by armed groups. Following are the expected results of UNICEF emergency interventions:

Health: Vaccination campaigns will ensure immunization of 1.7 million children aged between 9 months and 13 years against measles in five vulnerable districts, while more than 1 million women of childbearing age will be vaccinated against tetanus and benefit from improved access to maternal and child health-care.

Nutrition: Community-based management of acute malnutrition will be expanded to treat 211,000 children under five and 80,000 pregnant and lactating women. UNICEF will support the introduction of inter-agency surveys and surveillance systems in conflict-affected areas.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH):  Up to 1.7 million people in displaced camps, areas of return and in host communities will benefit from sufficient water supply and sanitation facilities through the installation of water systems and latrines, including at schools and health centres, and the distribution of hygiene kits.

Education: Working in collaboration with the Department of Education, NGOs and parent–teacher associations, UNICEF aims to get 500,000 boys and girls back to school or enrolled for the first time. This will be achieved through rehabilitation of 5,000 primary schools equipped with appropriate learning materials and the training of 11,000 teachers in education in emergencies, measures designed to improve learning environments and to deliver psychosocial support to children.

Child Protection: UNICEF will work to protect more than 200,000 children and women from abuse, exploitation, trafficking, separation and institutionalization by facilitating access to protective and reintegration services and by training staff of child protection centres and NGOs in psychosocial support.

HIV/AIDS: UNICEF will reduce vulnerability and exposure to HIV in camps and areas of return by screening women for HIV at Preventing-Parent-to-Child-Transmission sites and two specialist paediatric units.

Summary of UNICEF Emergency Needs to fulfil
Core Commitments for Children for 2010
Sector US$
Health 22,000,000
Nutrition 15,300,000
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) 28,000,000
Education 25,000,000
Child Protection 10,000,000
HIV/AIDS 100,000
Coordination 500,000
Total 10,900,000