© UNICEF/NYHQ2006-0575/Noorani

A woman sits with her malnourished child under an insecticide-treated mosquito net at a camp for the displaced in northern Darfur Region. Continued conflict has caused 300,000 newly displaced people in 2008, bringing the total to nearly 2.7 million.


2008 has been a challenging year in many areas of Sudan, with floods, threat of a malnutrition crisis and increased conflict worsening the situation in many vulnerable communities. Darfur remains the major humanitarian crisis in Sudan, with 300,000 newly displaced since the beginning of 2008, bringing the total number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) to 2.7 million.


UNICEF is sector lead for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), education and child protection, and co-chair with the World Health Organization (WHO) for health and nutrition activities. An estimated 16 million children under age 15 may require humanitarian support in 2009, with UNICEF playing a key role in the coordination and implementation of emergency activities.

Health and Nutrition: UNICEF will procure and distribute essential emergency drugs and equipment to health centres throughout the country benefiting over 8 million children and women; and provide antenatal care and midwifery kits for 400,000 pregnant women.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: UNICEF will provide 3 million IDPs, students and vulnerable people with safe water and sanitation facilities by constructing/rehabilitating 2,133 wells in communities, schools and health centres; construct over 47,900 latrines in communities, health centres and schools, and train about 15,000 community members on operation and maintenance of water facilities.

Education: UNICEF will provide over 2.5 million children and teachers with basic school materials and recreational kits; train 5,000 primary schoolteachers; and develop a practical guide for operationalizing the education in emergencies capacity-building strategy.

Child Protection: UNICEF will ensure that over 150,000 vulnerable children and young people benefit from psychosocial care, enhanced protection, family reunification and reintegration support, including education and vocational/livelihood opportunities.

HIV/AIDS: UNICEF will provide information on HIV prevention and life skills to 15 million young people, women and vulnerable children and strengthen the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services for 130,000 pregnant/postpartum women and their families.

Mine Action: UNICEF will provide mine-risk education (MRE) to 250,000 individuals in communities and schools; train 2,000 teachers to provide MRE in schools; establish a surveillance system and strengthen data collection on mine/unexploded ordnance (UXO) victims.

Non-Food Items and Emergency Coordination: UNICEF will provide 1,565,000 conflict- and disaster-affected households with non-food items and shelter materials.

Communication and Advocacy: UNICEF will provide 500,000 IDPs with accurate and timely information to enable them make informed decisions about their return options.

Summary of UNICEF Emergency Needs for 2009*
Sector North of Sudan Southern Sudan Total
Area Programme Area Programme
Health and Nutrition 23,199,023 10,473,817 33,672,840
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 27,987,108 15,000,000 42,987,108
Education 15,911,624 10,063,567 25,975,191
Child Protection 13,816,174 4,065,000 17,881,174
HIV/AIDS 3,085,000 1,600,000 4,685,000
Mine Action 687,765 687,765 1,375,530
Non-Food Items and Emergency Coordination 8,967,408 4,266,111 13,233,519
Communication and Advocacy 1,450,000 500,000 1,950,000
Planning 5,862,500 0 5,862,500
Total** 100,966,602 46,656,260 147,622,862

* Funds received against this appeal will be used to respond to both the immediate and medium-term needs of children and women as outlined above. If UNICEF should receive funds in excess of the medium-term funding requirements for this emergency, UNICEF will use those funds to support other, underfunded emergencies.
** The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.