© UNICEF Nepal/2008/Shrestha

A woman holds her child at a camp for people displaced by flooding in Sunsari District. Natural disasters have compounded a decade-long insurgency for millions of children and women.


The 10-year Maoist insurgency in Nepal has affected the lives of millions of women and children in remote and poorly resourced districts, especially in already vulnerable households. The effects of the conflict have been compounded by natural disasters, particularly flooding, in many parts of the country.


UNICEF Nepal is the cluster lead for nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and education (together with Save the Children Alliance). Similarly UNICEF co-chairs cluster groups on health and protection (particularly child protection). It is estimated that over 1.5 million people will be assisted with the funds raised by the Humanitarian Action Report (HAR).

Health and Nutrition: UNICEF will preposition essential drugs and medical equipments for timely emergency response; introduce surveillance to monitor increased risk of malnutrition during emergencies; support nutrition and health responses in emergency-affected areas; support vaccination and treatment of childhood illnesses in emergency-affected areas; provide insecticide-treated mosquito nets and undertake social mobilization to mitigate the risk of malaria in emergency-affected areas; procure ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF), therapeutic milks and essential medicines; strengthen the capacity of nutrition rehabilitation centres and support establishment of new centres; expand community-based management of acute malnutrition in new districts.

HIV and AIDS: UNICEF will provide HIV and AIDS education for most-at-risk adolescents, women and families; support the provision of antiretrovirals for HIV-positive children, pregnant and postpartum women; integrate HIV prevention services (voluntary counselling and testing) into health services in camps for the displaced..

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: UNICEF will support 8,000 families displaced by the 2008 flooding; preposition relief items for shelter, hygiene, sanitation, and drinking water purification; rehabilitate water supply schemes damaged by floods and landslides; train NGOs in 13 districts for installation of water and sanitation facilities and hygiene promotion; train health workers and volunteers on handwashing with soap and household water treatment.

Education: UNICEF will supply basic scholastic materials for 50,000 displaced children; procure and distribute recreational and teaching/learning materials for 500 learning spaces; support the implementation of schools as ‘zones of peace’ in 10 districts; procure temporary learning structure materials for 500 temporary learning spaces; train 500 teachers in peace education in conflict-affected regions; and train 2,500 teachers in the delivery of emergency education.

Child Protection: UNICEF will engage in capacity-building of 500 paralegal committee members on child protection issues in emergencies; train national cluster members and regional stakeholders on emergency child protection issues; procure and preposition child protection kits and related emergency supplies; enhance response mechanisms to provide protection services to children in emergencies; coordinate activities for children affected by the conflict, especially girls, including (i) develop capacity of government and civil society partners to monitor, document, and report violations of child rights and prevent recruitment of children into armed forces and armed groups; (ii) provide community-based reintegration services; (iii) develop community reconciliation initiatives and strategies to ensure that returning children are accepted and integrated; (iv) promote inclusion of children, youth and community groups into local peace committees; and (v) support conflict resolution; assist national mine action authority to reduce threats posed by improvised explosive devices, landmines etc.; ensure compliance with victim assistance needs; provide systematic mine risk education for at-risk areas.

Summary of UNICEF Emergency Needs for 2009*
Sector US$
Health and Nutrition 2,817,000
HIV and AIDS 100,000
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 1,000,000
Education 500,000
Child Protection 3,600,000
Total** 8,017,000

* Funds received against this appeal will be used to respond to both the immediate and medium-term needs of children and women as outlined above. If UNICEF should receive funds in excess of the medium-term funding requirements for this emergency, UNICEF will use those funds to support other underfunded emergencies.
** The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.