© UNICEF/NYHQ2007-2254/LeMoyne

Children use logs as benches in a bare-bones classroom in Zambézia Province. Half the nation’s 20.9 million inhabitants are children, but chronic poverty, and gender and regional disparities keep many children out of school.


A country prone to natural disasters, chronic vulnerability and persistent humanitarian conditions, Mozambique remains one of the least developed countries in the world. Around 302,664 people are acutely food insecure with another 242,615 at risk. Of an estimated 855,000 children born every year about 98,325 will die before reaching age one and an additional 45,315 will die before reaching age five. 


UNICEF is the cluster lead for nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), and co-chairs the education and child protection clusters with Save the Children Alliance. UNICEF-supported programmes are expected to reach at least 110,000 women and children in 2009 in flood- and drought-affected areas.

Health and Nutrition: UNICEF will procure and distribute 44,000 long-lasting insecticidal nets for 22,000 households; support 10 selective feeding centres reaching 2,000 acutely malnourished children; support three nutritional surveys; train 50 health staff in the treatment of severe acute malnutrition; support the nutritional screening of 22,000 children under age five; train 100 provincial staff and 500 village-level personnel in immunization services; and support cholera control activities.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: UNICEF will provide safe water for 45,000 displaced persons and latrines for 66,000 displaced persons; train water management and school management committees; and promote hygiene education and hygiene awareness in targeted schools and communities.

Education: UNICEF will procure and distribute basic school materials for 150,000 children and 2,000 teachers; provide recreational kits for 200 schools; train 1,000 primary schoolteachers; rehabilitate 300 schools; and construct
100 temporary schools.

Child Protection: UNICEF will establish 30 new child-friendly spaces, train 100 police officers and 100 government and humanitarian workers on the Code of Conduct on Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in Humanitarian Crises; and procure 5,000 emergency household kits containing basic materials for vulnerable families.

Programme Communication: UNICEF will support community-based social mobilization and outreach activities; distribute 150,000 information, education and communication (IEC) materials for the prevention of cholera, malaria, and HIV/AIDS; and train 150 social mobilization activists on health issues.
Emergency Coordination and Operations: UNICEF will support the transportation and distribution of humanitarian supplies during natural disasters.

Summary of UNICEF Emergency Needs for 2009*
Sector US$
Health and Nutrition 1,800,000
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 1,500,000
Education 2,770,000
Child Protection 600,000
Programme Communication 150,000
Emergency Coordination and Operations 780,000
Total** 7,600,000

* Funds received against this appeal will be used to respond to both the immediate and medium-term needs of children and women as outlined above. If UNICEF should receive funds in excess of the medium-term funding requirements for this emergency, UNICEF will use those funds to support other, underfunded emergencies.
** The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.