© UNICEF/NHYQ2008-0161/Holt

In January 2008, a woman and her child took refuge from post-election violence in a camp for the displaced in the western town of Eldoret. More than one million children and women are at risk from multiple emergencies.


In 2009, UNICEF will continue to respond to the needs of more than a million women and children at risk due to multiple emergencies: the ongoing drought conditions in the arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs); continued influx of refugees from Somalia; internal displacement of populations as a result of the post-election violence in 2008 as well as previous displacement due to resource-based conflicts; and the dramatically increasing prices of food, fuel and other basic commodities. An estimated 1.34 million people are receiving food assistance – 840,000 in ASALs and the rest displaced by recent conflicts or natural disasters. Over 95,000 children under age five (22 per cent) are suffering from moderate acute malnutrition, while 10,000 (2.3 per cent) are severely malnourished. UNICEF will continue to advocate for the needs of children and provide lifesaving assistance, while supporting Government and partners to ensure that humanitarian assistance is provided in a coordinated manner and systems for preparedness and early action are enhanced. 


In 2009, UNICEF will continue to play a key role as an active member of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee/UN Country Team (IASC/UNCT) and support sector/cluster coordination in nutrition and food, as co-lead with the World Food Programme (WFP); education, as co-lead with Save the Children; WASH as cluster lead; an active participant in health and protection clusters and as lead of the Child Protection sub-cluster. UNICEF will also continue to work closely with the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) to provide assistance and protection to refugee populations in Kenya.

Health: UNICEF will minimize the impact of emergencies on 250,000 children under age five by procuring and distributing essential emergency drugs; strengthening human resources in the delivery of essential health services; supporting integrated outreach services, including the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT Plus), as well as supplementary immunizations; and supporting government coordination.

Nutrition: UNICEF will prevent and address acute malnutrition and associated mortality and morbidity targeting 120,000 children under age five and 200,000 pregnant/lactating mothers by providing technical support to facility- and community-based management of malnutrition; training nursing and medical staff; providing technical input and supplies as well as ongoing support to sector coordination mechanisms.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: UNICEF will ensure that all populations affected by emergencies have access to adequate quantities of safe water and to sanitation facilities, and are reached by hygiene promotion activities.

Education: UNICEF will ensure that 200,000 children and 2,000 teachers affected by drought or displacement have access to essential learning materials. UNICEF will also enhance capacity for peace education through training workshops, advocacy, communication and technical support.
Child Protection: UNICEF will disseminate and provide training on the Collaborative Programme of Response to the Situation of Separated Children, support survivors of gender-based violence (GBV) and service providers on prevention and response to GBV; train psychosocial service providers on child-friendly spaces; develop and implement a campaign on ‘Keeping Children Safe during Emergencies’; and support national-level coordination.

Cross-Sectoral Preparedness and Coordination: UNICEF will ensure that emergency preparedness systems are enhanced as well as the ability of Government and partners to identify and respond to the needs of children in emergencies. UNICEF will undertake capacity mapping and preparedness planning with Government and partners in high-risk districts; preposition non-food items in strategic locations, including family kits for 100,000 people; integrate cross-cutting issues into humanitarian preparedness and response; and provide continued support to strengthen humanitarian coordination through the cluster approach.

Summary of UNICEF Emergency Needs for 2009*
Sector US$
Health 1,600,000
Nutrition 4,000,000
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 4,220,000
Education 2,000,000
Child Protection 2,440,000
Cross-Sectoral Preparedness and Coordination 1,200,000
Total** 15,460,000

* Funds received against this appeal will be used to respond to both the immediate and medium-term needs of children and women as outlined above. If UNICEF should receive funds in excess of the medium-term funding requirements for this emergency, UNICEF will use those funds to support other, underfunded emergencies.
** The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.