© UNICEF/NHYQ2008-0444/Tegene

A woman feeds her severely malnourished child UNICEF-supplied therapeutic milk at a feeding centre in the Oromia Region. An estimated 100,000 children suffer from acute malnutrition each month.


Consecutive failure of rains has contributed to the low food security situation in the country thereby leading to the deterioration of the nutritional status of children and resulting in the highest number of disaster-affected people since the last major crisis in 2003. Some 2.4 million children remain very vulnerable to the effects of high food prices compounded by epidemics, floods, displacements and conflicts, and at least 100,000 children will be likely to suffer from severe acute malnutrition on a monthly basis. The situation of children in the pastoral areas of Somali, Afar and Oromia regions will be particularly at risk.


UNICEF is the cluster lead for nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene WASH) and co-chairs consultative groups on health and education. UNICEF-supported humanitarian assistance is expected to reach at least 6 million children in 2009.

Health: UNICEF will procure and distribute essential emergency drugs and equipment to 38 comprehensive emergency health, nutrition and WASH mobile health teams and support with supplies 30 fixed health facilities. Capacities to respond to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) will be enhanced.

Nutrition: UNICEF will support the treatment of 100,000 severely malnourished children every month (70-80 per cent coverage); provide technical assistance in the field; and train 5,000 health workers in the management of severe acute malnutrition to ensure quality services and operation.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: UNICEF will provide 1.2 million people with safe water and sanitation by constructing/rehabilitating wells and sanitary facilities; and support 130 health facilities through the construction/rehabilitation of wells and water supply schemes and the provision of adequate sanitation facilities.

Education: UNICEF will provide basic school materials and recreational kits to a total of 120,000 displaced and emergency-affected schoolchildren; train 18,000 primary schoolteachers and 2,400 parent-teacher associations. UNICEF will further construct 180 temporary learning centres; rehabilitate 200 classroom structures to accommodate 16,900 primary schoolchildren; and construct 34 separate latrines for boys and girls.

Child Protection: UNICEF will support some 572,000 children in Somali, Gambella, Tigray and Afar regions with access to social services, psychosocial assistance, mine-risk education and shelter.

Summary of UNICEF Emergency Needs for 2009*
Sector US$
Health 5,000,000
Nutrition 55,000,000
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 4,500,000
Education 3,800,000
Child protection 2,800,000
Total** 71,100,000

* Funds received against this appeal will be used to respond to both the immediate and medium-term needs of children and women as outlined above. If UNICEF should receive funds in excess of the medium-term funding requirements for this emergency, UNICEF will use those funds to support other, underfunded emergencies.
** The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.