© UNICEF/NYHQ2008-0231/Cranston

Children huddle together at a camp for people displaced by Kenya’s post-election violence in February 2008. Eastern and Southern Africa had more emergencies in the past decade than any other region.


The Eastern and Southern Africa region has had more emergencies in the past decade than any other region. As of 1 October 2008, 14 of the 20 UNICEF Country Offices in the region have undertaken emergency response (Angola, Burundi, Comoros, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe). The remaining Offices continue to deal with the effects of protracted civil wars or ongoing HIV/AIDS emergencies (Botswana, Eritrea, Lesotho, Swaziland, Uganda and United Republic of Tanzania). The risk of medium- and large-scale emergencies in Eastern and Southern Africa remains high in 2009.


Emergency Preparedness and Response: The UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office (ESARO) will continue supporting Country Offices to strengthen emergency preparedness and response through training on emergency preparedness and response (EPR), assessments, development of sector action plans, supply and human resource needs assessments, development of resource mobilization plans etc.

Health and Nutrition: ESARO will strengthen the capacity of Country Offices to respond effectively to the ongoing and new crisis on the health and nutritional status of children under age five and pregnant women through training and technical guidance.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: ESARO will provide support to Country Offices to develop water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) preparedness and response plans and provide direct technical guidance to WASH cluster leads through training.

Education: ESARO will build the capacity of national education stakeholders to prepare for and respond to emergencies, thus minimizing disruption of schooling for students and teachers.

Child Protection: ESARO will support Country Offices to develop their child protection capacity in emergencies, and ensure their ability to lead child protection coordination mechanisms, including subclusters where established.

UNICEF Comoros: UNICEF will continue supporting the restoration of essential social services in Anjouan and ensure preparedness and adequate resources to respond to cholera outbreaks and to any volcanic eruptions in Grande Comore.

UNICEF Lesotho: UNICEF will continue its response to the humanitarian crisis exacerbated by high food prices and HIV through a number of emergency interventions, especially health and nutrition, targeting over 100,000 children and 100,000 pregnant and lactating mothers.

UNICEF South Africa: UNICEF will support the Government and partners to minimize the impact of the ongoing crisis triggered by xenophobic attacks on children and women, providing assistance to 15,000 displaced persons, host communities and impoverished persons through health, nutrition and hygiene promotion.

UNICEF Swaziland: UNICEF will address the humanitarian situation by reaching around 60,000 children with health and nutrition interventions. In addition, UNICEF will support the Government in the areas of education, WASH and child protection.

Summary of UNICEF Emergency Needs for 2009*
Sector US$
Emergency Preparedness, Response and Coordination 750,000
Health and Nutrition 750,000
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 550,000
Education 350,000
Child Protection 250,000
Comoros 1,338,906
Lesotho 2,600,000
South Africa 1,300,000
Swaziland 2,650,000
Total** 10,538,906

* Funds received against this appeal will be used to respond to both the immediate and medium-term needs of children and women as outlined above. If UNICEF should receive funds in excess of the medium-term funding requirements for this emergency, UNICEF will use those funds to support other, underfunded emergencies.
** The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.