© UNICEF/HQ05-0728/Nesbitt

Some 30 per cent of the boys at the Dvumbe Primary School, in a rural part of Swaziland, have lost either one or both their parents to AIDS. The country has one of the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in the world.


The prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Swaziland is the highest in the world. More than 200,000 people are infected out of a population of 1.16 million. Currently, the country is home to more than 130,000 orphaned and other vulnerable children (OVC), a figure which is projected to double by 2010. The 2006/07 maize crop was 61 per cent below previous years’ average crop results, and 410,000 people, including 180,000 children, are in need of humanitarian aid, including food and agricultural inputs, water, sanitation and hygiene interventions, support for health and nutrition, and child protection.


UNICEF is the cluster lead for water, sanitation and hygiene; nutrition; and child protection.

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will procure and distribute essential emergency drugs and equipment to 10 health centres; train 300 Government staff in immunization services; distribute 5,000 insecticide-treated mosquito nets to 2,000 households; support up to 1,200 severely malnourished children in up to 20 therapeutic feeding centres; and train 300 health staff to treat severe malnutrition. UNICEF will monitor the nutritional situation through some 50 sentinel sites.  

Water, sanitation and hygiene: UNICEF will provide 60,000 drought-affected people with safe water and sanitation facilities by constructing/rehabilitating boreholes and rehabilitating micro water schemes in schools, communities, and Neighbourhood Care Points (NCPs); train 115 local water management teams, together with 140 rural health motivators, 115 handpump caretakers, 10 motorized pump operators, 50 water quality testers and 50 water chlorinators. UNICEF will promote hygiene education and hygiene awareness programmes in 80 schools and 35 local communities.

Education: UNICEF, in cooperation with the Ministry of Education, will reintroduce the ‘Community Education for All Grant’ in at least 100 schools to secure access and improve performance and retention of 50,000 OVC. In addition, 800 community carers will be trained to strengthen school community partnerships and to ensure that communities are involved in decision-making. In addition, UNICEF will monitor drop-out trends in 100 selected schools in drought-affected areas.

Child protection: UNICEF will mobilize communities and procure supplies to establish and sustain 200 new NCPs that will reach 10,000 OVC with emergency support in drought-stricken areas. This will include providing psychosocial kits and early childhood development (ECD) materials, with training to caregivers. In addition, UNICEF will raise awareness among partners in relation to the six core principles of the Code of Conduct of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Task Force on Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2008
Sector US$
Health and nutrition 600,000
Water, sanitation and hygiene 1,200,000
Education 737,500
Child protection 600,000
Total* 3,137,500

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006


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