© UNICEF/HQ06-0894/Furrer

A UNICEF-supported primary school class in Rumbek, Southern Sudan. While the semi-autonomous south recovers from decades of conflict, Sudan’s Darfur Region is still besieged by warring factions.


Nearly three years after the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, major humanitarian challenges remain throughout the Sudan. While recovery and development activities are taking place across the country, large pockets of humanitarian needs persist. The most notable is the ongoing crisis in Darfur, where the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) has grown to 2.1 million and daily armed conflict threatens the safety and livelihood of large portions of the civilian population. Southern Sudan continues to confront precarious conditions, with maternal and child morbidity and mortality rates among the highest in the world. The East and ‘Three Areas’ also contain pockets of humanitarian need, and donors have been slow to support these less visible areas, leading to an exacerbated humanitarian situation overall. Disease outbreaks, lack of basic services, natural disasters and intermittent conflict affect communities in every part of the country.


UNICEF is the cluster lead for water, sanitation and hygiene, nutrition and education, and plays critical supportive roles to the leadership in both the health and protection clusters. UNICEF-supported programmes are expected to reach at least 10 million children, women and vulnerable groups in 2008.

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will target some 1.4 million under-one children with DPT, measles and polio vaccines; reach nearly 1.4 million under-one children and 4.8 million under-five children with one dose of measles vaccine, and about 1 million pregnant women and 5.3 million women of childbearing age with one dose of tetanus toxoid vaccine and reproductive health services. Vitamin A supplementation for over 6.8 million post-partum women and under-five children will continue to be critical as will the provision of long-lasting insecticidal nets for nearly 2 million under-five children. UNICEF will reach 6.7 million under-five children and 5.7 million women of childbearing age with health-care supplies. UNICEF’s support to government and partners will include training, coordination, technical advice and provision of supplies and equipment. Nutritional assistance will continue to reach 20,000 severely and 350,000 moderately malnourished children with therapeutic commodities and technical support will be provided to selective feeding programmes. UNICEF will continue to strengthen nutrition information systems; contribute to the prevention, control and treatment of micronutrient deficiency diseases through supplementation, fortification and dietary diversification; and improve maternal and child nutrition through the implementation of an integrated minimum nutrition package.

Water, sanitation and hygiene: UNICEF and partner agencies will provide over 2.3 million people with increased access to safe water and improved sanitation and hygiene; create and/or rehabilitate an estimated 860 water points; install 880 new handpumps, 15 water yards and 5 mini water yards; ensure operation and maintenance, particularly in IDP camps, of 850 water schemes, including chlorination; equip at least 170 schools with water and sanitation facilities and/or promote hygiene awareness; install some 11,000 household and community latrines; reach an estimated 2.3 million people with hygiene-awareness activities throughout the country; train more than 2,000 people to ensure long-term maintenance of water points and continued education about the use of safe water and the benefits of improved hygiene and sanitation practices; support cleaning and hygiene awareness campaigns and home visits conducted by over 1,000 trained hygiene promoters to disseminate hygiene messages.

Education: UNICEF will continue to lead the education sector aiming to dramatically increase access to and quality of primary education throughout Sudan. UNICEF’s humanitarian and early recovery actions will seek to get into school 1.9 million children affected by the crisis or living in areas in transition from humanitarian into recovery activities. UNICEF and partners will also deliver school supplies to 1.9 million children and train 10,500 teachers in child-friendly learning methods, English language instruction and other critical subjects.

Child protection and mine awareness: UNICEF will continue to play a crucial role in ensuring the protection of children, women and vulnerable groups from abuse, exploitation, violence and neglect throughout Sudan, with issues regarding children recruited and used by armed groups and armed at the forefront. UNICEF and its partners will make every effort to demobilize, reunite with their families, rehabilitate and reintegrate 2,500 children; provide psychosocial support to 200,000 war-affected and other vulnerable groups; raise awareness amongst 5 million people about critical protection issues, such as female genital mutilation (FGM), early marriage and other topics; raise awareness amongst more than 400,000 people about the dangers posed by mines and unexploded ordnance; train local counterparts, community members and others to ensure long-term results; train over 1,300 people on various relevant issues.

Non-food items (NFIs) and emergency coordination: In Northern Sudan, including the three states of Darfur, UNICEF will provide 430,000 households with increased access to basic NFIs and emergency shelter materials. (In Northern Sudan, UNICEF procures these materials on behalf of a common, inter-agency pipeline.) In Southern Sudan, some 20,000 IDPs, host communities and impoverished persons will benefit from the procurement and distribution of NFIs. Supplies will be prepositioned to ensure rapid response. (UNICEF does not procure for a common pipeline in Southern Sudan, but does work in close collaboration with inter-agency partners providing similar support.)

HIV/AIDS: UNICEF will reach an estimated 400,000 people made vulnerable due to displacement, disease outbreaks, conflict or other reasons. Activities will focus on awareness-raising, training, psychosocial support and some medical service provision, particularly prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) and support to victims of rape.

Communication and advocacy: UNICEF will support humanitarian activities in an area as vast and complex as Sudan through appropriate communication and advocacy messages. In support of the 2008 humanitarian and early recovery programming, UNICEF will provide an estimated 700,000 IDPs with information on the return process and an additional 5 million people with messages on how to combat disease outbreaks, how to prevent HIV/AIDS and numerous other issues, including FGM, child soldiers, sanitation and hygiene, and more.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2008 (US$)
Sector Northern Sudan Area Programme Southern Sudan Area Programme Total
Health and nutrition 23,373,800 13,274,526 36,648,326
Water, sanitation and hygiene 22,595,000 16,463,500 39,058,500
Education 13,634,329 10,745,000 24,379,329
Child protection and mine action 16,738,000 7,855,200 24,593,200
Non-food items and emergency
12,000,000 5,538,000 17,538,000
HIV/AIDS 3,380,000 2,000,000 5,380,300
Communication & advocacy 1,805,680 971,000 2,776,680
Total* 93,526,809 56,847,226 150,374,035

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.


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