© UNICEF/HQ06-1142/Kamber

A boy stands at the edge of a 30-foot crater where a neighbour’s home once stood, in Gaza City, Occupied Palestinian Territory. The homeowner was warned of the pending bombardment and escaped with his family.Two boys stand in rubble at the edge of a 30-fo


The absence of a lasting political solution to the world’s longest running conflict remains the single challenge facing the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), with profound humanitarian consequences for children and women. About a quarter of children do not reach their first birthday; malnutrition levels are high and rising; enrolment and academic achievement are falling; and adolescents are becoming increasingly frustrated. Around two-thirds of households are not connected to a sewerage network.


UNICEF is the cluster lead for education, water, sanitation and hygiene and child protection (psychosocial), and supports the World Health Organization (WHO) under the health programme. UNICEF-supported programmes are expected to reach 1.8 million children (aged 0-14) and 0.9 million women (of childbearing age) in 2008.

Health: UNICEF will procure and distribute vaccines, immunization-related supplies and cold-chain equipment to health facilities across oPt; train at least 370 health staff on growth monitoring, management of macro- and micronutrient deficiency, and young child feeding in emergencies.

Water, sanitation and hygiene: UNICEF will provide 300,000 students, 35,000 patients and 500,000 vulnerable people with safe water and sanitation facilities by constructing/rehabilitating water and sanitation facilities in 42 schools and 20 primary health-care facilities. UNICEF will also distribute 1,000 water tanks for selected families in areas with little access to safe water.

Education: A total of 100,000 vulnerable children will benefit from remedial education programmes, and 4,000 teachers from child-centred training in addition to equipping 500 primary schools with teaching material to improve learning processes and outcomes.

Child protection/psychosocial: Through the 14 psychosocial teams, UNICEF will provide psychosocial support to 100,000 children and enable 50,000 caregivers to better protect children against violence, while maintaining the five socio-legal defence centres and three child protection networks. Mine-risk and small arms and light weapons education will reach 100,000 children and 40,000 families.

Adolescents: UNICEF will support 40 adolescent-friendly learning spaces in offering non-formal learning and recreational activities for 96,000 adolescents. Some 10,000 adolescents and caregivers will receive psychosocial support, while 40,000 children and adolescents will benefit from structured sport and recreational activities in 40 safe play areas.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2008


Health 7,508,650
Water and sanitation 2,792,800
Education 5,160,000
Child protection/psychosocial 2,973,530
Adolescents 2,144,000
Total* 20,578,980

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.


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