Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage



The escalation of the conflict between the Government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) at the end of 2005 in the northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka has resulted in grave humanitarian consequences. Recruitment of children by armed forces/groups continues and, since January 2006, more than 1,000 people and 19 humanitarian workers have been killed. Some 450,000 people have been displaced since the beginning of the conflict and more than 200,000 are newly displaced since April. Access to vulnerable areas has been greatly impeded by the security situation and lack of clearance from authorities. Food and other items are in extreme shortage in conflict areas, there is a need for sanitation and hygiene-related interventions in internally displaced persons’ (IDP) concentration points, while the imminent monsoon requires rapid action with many IDP sites prone to flooding and lacking adequate shelter.


Health: UNICEF will procure/distribute refrigerators, cold boxes and vaccine carriers to re-establish routine immunization services for 41,000 under-five children and pregnant women; procure/distribute essential medical supplies and emergency obstetric care/newborn care equipment for 200,000 IDPs; procure/distribute vitamin A and worm treatment medicines to 48,000 under-five children and lactating mothers; supply emergency health and first aid kits; support community-level health promoters in IDP locations; train health service providers and community-level health promoters; provide technical assistance to enhance government capacity to coordinate health emergency response at field level.

Nutrition: UNICEF will initiate and maintain nutrition surveillance in all IDP locations; establish mother/baby-friendly spaces for breastfeeding mothers in 14 IDP locations; supply fortified supplementary food/biscuits for under-five children and pregnant women; support printing of behavioural change communication materials and nutrition promotion; strengthen treatment capacity of severe malnutrition and ensure availability of supplies; provide technical assistance to strengthen coordination and implementation.

Water and environmental sanitation: Benefiting 30,000 conflict-affected IDP families, UNICEF will install emergency water supply systems and transport water by trucks; provide bleach, chlorine or purification tablets; provide jerrycans, family hygiene kits and key hygiene messages on dangers of cholera and other water- and excreta-related diseases; facilitate safe excreta and solid waste disposal by constructing emergency temporary toilets and garbage structures; ensure effective dissemination of hygiene messages and information among affected families; provide technical assistance to strengthen coordination and implementation.

Education: Benefiting a total of 50,000 children, UNICEF will establish temporary child-friendly teaching and learning spaces and procure learning materials, uniforms and schoolbags; provide training for 2,000 teachers on emergency education response; support the Ministry of Education in coordination committees among participating partners at national, zonal and district levels.

Child protection: Benefiting 100,000 children, UNICEF will establish child-friendly spaces in IDP settings; develop media campaign on unexploded ordnance awareness; provide technical assistance for coordination and implementation. Benefiting children associated with armed groups and at risk of recruitment and violations, reinforce community-based protection in target zones; develop monitoring and reporting system on gross rights violations; develop systems for verification, documentation and referral of reported cases; train child protection organizations on monitoring, reporting and response to gross rights violations.

Non-food relief items: Benefiting 30,000 conflict-affected displaced families, UNICEF will assess the needs for non-food relief items (NFRIs); monitor their distribution and use; and procure and distribute NFRIs to IDP locations.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007







Water and environmental aanitation




Child protection


Non-food relief items





* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.