Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage



Large-scale assistance by the international community has enabled considerable progress in child malnutrition over the last decade. While still considered high, acute malnutrition fell from 16 to 7 per cent, chronic malnutrition from 62 to 37 per cent and underweight from 60 to 23 per cent between 1998 and 2004. Though government statistics indicate a 100 per cent access to improved drinking water sources, field observations show that most of the piped systems are old, in poor condition, contaminated and provide water irregularly. As a result, the occurrence of diarrhoea is high, causing malnutrition and remaining, together with acute respiratory infections, the main cause of child deaths. Primary and secondary schooling is free and compulsory, with all children until 17 years enrolled and universal literacy reported. However, economic difficulties have resulted in shortages of textbooks, school materials and fuel for heating, while learning methods have not evolved with international developments.


Health and nutrition: At national level, UNICEF will maintain at least 90 per cent immunization coverage for all antigens; extend cooperation with the GAVI Alliance and other partners; continue procurement/distribution of essential medicine kits to 2,800 health facilities; with WHO and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), develop a strategy for scaling down procurement of essential drugs; support local production of oral rehydration salts to cover 90 per cent of needs; provide nutritional supplementation, iron/folic acid, multi-micronutrients and vitamin A to all pregnant women/new mothers; provide vitamin A and de-worming twice a year to all under-five children and de-worming to 3 million primary schoolchildren; print/disseminate 250,000 copies of the Family Book to raise awareness on caring practices for children and women; assess situation and increase production of iodized salt; support growth monitoring in all child-care institutions. In focus counties, UNICEF will support promotion of feeding and care practices in nurseries and in households; expand the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) model; strengthen the health management information system; implement the new WHO growth chart; develop a pilot project to provide newlywed couples with information package on responsibilities and roles as parents; with WFP, procure vitamins and minerals to produce 36,000 MT of blended foods for child-care institutions and pregnant and lactating women.

Water and environmental sanitation: At national level, UNICEF will provide water treatment chemicals and spare parts for safe water provision to 5 million people; train 1,000 water engineers and technicians on gravity-fed water supply systems. In focus counties, UNICEF will consolidate gravity-fed water supply system construction experience into training manuals; rehabilitate/construct water supply systems to provide safe drinking water to 80,000 people through gravity-fed systems; rehabilitate water and sanitation facilities in 20 child-care institutions; construct demonstration household latrines and support hygiene promotion; provide potable water quality monitoring laboratories to two anti-epidemiological stations; install 100 borehole handpump wells to provide safe drinking water to 30,000 children in child-care institutions; promote hygiene education in 50 schools.

Education: At national level, UNICEF will supply basic school materials for 150,000 children in primary schools and kindergartens; increase technical skills of 50 Ministry of Education officials on expanding the learning assessment pilot and developing initiatives such as curriculum revision, in-service teacher training and life skills-based education with emphasis on health and hygiene. In focus counties, UNICEF will comprehensively rehabilitate five primary schools/kindergartens; pilot quality-related activities on curriculum revision, in-service teacher training and life skills-based education in 20 schools.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007



Health and nutrition


Water and environmental sanitation






* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated June 2006.