Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage




Since gaining independence in the early 1990s and the subsequent administration by internationally unrecognized de facto governments, the vulnerability of Abkhazia and South Ossetia has been considerable. The continuous lack of regular external support has led to the collapse of the welfare system, the disintegration of the social safety net, the emergence of disruptive behaviours and increased criminality as well as to a general shortage of income-generating opportunities. Health facilities are in desperate need of rehabilitation, essential drugs are scarce and access to new research or opportunity for skills upgrading absent. Homes and public facilities do not have safe water or electricity. Schools lack equipment and teach on outdated curricula. The collapse of social services has resulted in poor psychosocial support or social protection for the most vulnerable and to increased violence and abuse within families. Although mines and unexploded ordnance have largely been cleared, accidents still occur. The victims – primarily children – are not afforded any physical or psychological support and parents lack guidance on how to cope with their children. HIV/AIDS is becoming recognized as an important issue; however, both authorities lack facilities, supplies or expertise.


Health: Benefiting some 155,000 women and children, UNICEF will upgrade skills of professional staff for immunization; upgrade competencies of health care employees to implement the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness initiative in maternity facilities and children’s polyclinics; upgrade competencies for baby-friendly hospitals, support exclusive breastfeeding programmes and community-based awareness campaigns; develop HIV/AIDS health education curricula and train teachers; provide antiretroviral and other treatment-related support to the new HIV/AIDS Clinic in Abkhazia. 

Water and environmental sanitation: Benefiting 33,000 conflict-affected children, UNICEF will distribute safe water tanks and calcium hypochlorite to all schools and health centres in South Ossetia; promote health and hygiene education and hygiene awareness in 250 schools; continue to procure and distribute de-worming tablets to children through schools and immunization programmes.

Education: Benefiting 33,000 war-affected children and 2,000 teachers, UNICEF will train elementary and secondary schoolteachers in Abkhazia and South Ossetia in interactive learning methods; restock Abkhaz and South Ossetian schools with essential teacher and student supplies for the 2006/2007 and 2007/2008 school years; support the ‘Right to Play’ by equipping all schools in both regions with UNICEF standard sports equipment; work through a local partner to organize and promote sports tournaments with the aim to support inter-ethnic dialogue among youth.

Child protection: Benefiting 33,000 school-aged children and teens suffering from trauma or from direct results of war, UNICEF will support youth centres in Tskhinvali (South Ossetia) and Sukhumi (Abkhazia) to promote confidence-building, leadership skills, conflict resolution and empowerment among youth; train community-based social service providers in psychosocial support and counselling; support HALO Trust in developing mine-risk information, education and communication materials in Abkhazia and Zugdidi; support survivor assistance programme; develop and expand the annual child landmine survivors summer camp.

Programme support: Hire one international staff to facilitate, coordinate and monitor project progress; cover operating costs of travel, office space and one local staff to be permanently based in each conflict zone.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007





Water and environmental sanitation




Child protection


Programme support




* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.