17 March 2021

Situation analysis of children’s rights and well-being in Guinea-Bissau

UNICEF situation analysis of children’s rights and well-being is a flagship product designed to inform policy dialogue, partnerships, and interventions to improve children’s lives. The last situation analysis of Guinea-Bissau was conducted in 2015 and significantly informed the current UNICEF programme of cooperation (2016 – 2020) in the country. Therefore, as UNICEF concludes the process of preparing a new five-year programme of cooperation (2021-2025), it is fundamental that a new situation analysis is undertaken as input to future dialogue on national, sectoral, and sub-national priorities, budgets, and policies. The UNICEF Situation Analysis of 2015 (UNICEF GBCO, 2015) used the life-stages (or lifecycle) of children as the framework for analysis, and the Government’s 2018 analysis (Rodrigues dos Santos, B. & Silva, C., 2018) used an institutional, judicial and child rights framework. Both of these documents relied heavily on the fifth multiple indicator survey (MICS-5) of 2014, (INE, 2015). This new Situation Analysis is structured around the five Goal Areas of the UNICEF Strategic Plan, 2018-2021 (UN/ECOSOC, 2017), namely: (a) Every child survives and thrives; (b) Every child learns; (c) Every child is protected from violence and exploitation; (d) Every child lives in a safe and clean environment; and (e) Every child has an equitable chance in life. The fifth Goal Area on “Every child has an equitable chance in life” underpins and cuts across the four others. The Goal Areas are also underpinned by the cross-cutting priorities of gender equality and humanitarian action but also promote synergies across multiple Goal Areas to address early childhood development, adolescent development, and support to children with disabilities. Critically, this Situation Analysis also takes advantage of a new multiple indicator survey (MICS-6) for which the survey data were collected between late 2018 and early 2019 and the Data Interpretation and Report Consolidation (DIRC) workshop took place from 16 to 18 June 2020. For government, UNICEF and all the other key stakeholders in the rights of children, the MICS-6 data provides the first opportunity in over six years to get some insight into how Guinea-Bissau has progressed (or not) in terms of recognising children’s rights and moving forwards in order to meet the numerous targets of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).