19 October 2023

Gender

Children affected, Gender Equality Index is persistently for a decade the lowest in the EU (53.4 per cent, while EU average is 68.6) (2022) . Based on early results from the 2021 Population and Housing Census, women make up 51.1 per cent of the Greek population and girls made up 48 per cent of children (age 0 to 19)., Equity, Sub-national Gender disaggregated information on the Roma population is unavailable. Women and girls who live in rural areas, as well as women from the Roma community have less access to services than those living in urban areas, particularly services for disabled people and those with mental health issues. One third of adolescent marriages…, Enabling Environment, Legislation, policy, resources, coordination, data Bottlenecks The traditional division of labour between men and women results in one of the lowest levels of women’s participation in the labour market in Europe. It is estimated that undeclared work, such as domestic work (i.e. cleaning, elderly care, and caring for children) and hospitality jobs…, Supply, Adequately staffed services, facilities, information, commodities Bottlenecks There are only 0.3 obstetricians and gynecologists per 1,000 people for more than five million women. Women are often reluctant to report abuse or violence as most police members are not trained to handle GBV cases. When cases are investigated, victims are typically…, Demand, Financial access and social behavioural drivers Bottlenecks Girls are socially encouraged towards certain jobs from a young age and choose career paths or fields of study that are largely accepted as female jobs. Despite the fact that girls outperform boys in science, math and reading, only one in four high-performing female students aspire to…
19 October 2023

Early childhood development

Children affected, 70.9 per cent of children 0-3 years old did not receive any formal childcare; only 20.4 per cent received formal childcare for 30 hours or more per week (2022). 39.2 per cent (EU 47.4 per cent) of children 0-3 years are cared only by their parents, while 44.4 per cent (EU 22.7 per cent) participate in other, non-formal types of childcare (2022).…, Equity, Other Roma children up to 3 years old residing in settlements of type I, II and III have lower rates of enrolment to pre-school education (7 per cent) compared to children residing in scattered houses (15 per cent) (2021)., Enabling Environment, Legislation, policy, resources, coordination, data Bottlenecks Inadequate policies and regulations regarding the establishment, funding, and monitoring of early childhood development programs. Absence of supportive policies for parental leave, flexible work arrangements, and access to parenting resources. Early childhood development strategies are…, Supply, Adequately staffed services, facilities, information, commodities Bottlenecks Public nurseries do not have the physical capacity to cover the demand and needs of all families. Limited support services unclear accountabilities and referral pathways across the different sectors such as health, education, social services. Absence of tools and…, Demand, Financial access and social behavioural drivers Bottlenecks The public largely views early childhood services as a responsibility primarily of the family instead of the State. CRC Recommendations — National Actions —
19 October 2023

Child marriage and other harmful practices

Children affected, Between 2000 and 2021, 37,058 marriages involving at least one person below the age of 19 took place. Of those, 835 marriages involved at least one person below 15. 25 per cent - 42 per cent of girls originating from countries where female genital mutilation is practiced continue to be at risk after their arrival in Greece (2017-2018). Out of 358…, Equity, Gender​​​​​ 84 per cent of minors who got married from 2000 to 2021 were girls. Sub-national Nearly one third of child marriages took place in Eastern Macedonia and Thrace. , Enabling Environment, Legislation, policy, resources, coordination, data Bottlenecks Under the Civil Code (art. 1350), marriage of children under 18 years old can be allowed following a court decision on the basis of a ‘’significant reason’’. Lack of qualitative data on child marriages related to nationality and ethnicity of the child involved, the type of marriage,…, Supply, Adequately staffed services, facilities, information, commodities Bottlenecks Serious lack of social welfare professionals at regional and municipal level to proactively reach out to vulnerable communities and inform about the risks of child marriage, the violation of child’s rights that a child marriage entails, as well as to follow up and…, Demand, Financial access and social behavioural drivers Bottlenecks Child marriage is perceived as acceptable among certain communities. Prevalent social belief that child marriage is not an issue in the country. The majority of early marriages within Roma communities remain unregistered, leading to lack of qualitative and quantitative data informing…
19 October 2023

Children in alternative care

Children affected, In April 2023, 1,377 children were accommodated in residential facilities for children without parental care. The majority of children in public institutions are younger than 6 years old. Older children are usually placed in private institutions (38 per cent are between 6-12 years old and 13 per cent under 6 years old) (MoLSA, 2020). The number of…, Equity, Gender​​​​​ The majority of children in public institutions are boys (60,21 per cent), and girls in private institutions (56,43 per cent) (MoLSA, 2020). Disability​​​​​ Among the 1,377 children accommodated in residential facilities, 137 have a disability certification (April 2023)., Enabling Environment, Legislation, policy, resources, coordination, data Bottlenecks Inactive legal provisions and operational gaps do not allow for the effective implementation of laws on guardianship and foster care. Hence, family based  care interventions are not implemented and scaled up. The guardianship of unaccompanied children regulated in L. 4960/2022 has not…, Supply, Adequately staffed services, facilities, information, commodities Bottlenecks The current system heavily relies on large-scale residential care and does not prioritize gatekeeping and the redirecting of resources into preventive and family-based services (e.g. kinship care or foster care) or community-based care such as supported independent…, Demand, Financial access and social behavioural drivers Bottlenecks Limited public awareness of foster care as a form of temporary care, distinct from adoption. CRC Recommendations (2022) 29(a) Promote equal parenting and ensure that both parents, regardless of marital status, have common parental responsibilities under the law and in practice, in line…