© UNICEF Gambia

UNICEF in The Gambia

UNICEF has been working in The Gambia for nearly 50 years, in close collaboration with the government of The Gambia and local partners, to promote and protect the lives of children at national and area based levels. Over the past few years, much of our focus has been on reaching the poorest and most vulnerable children in the country through various intervention, using different strategies.
The Gambia, which surrounds its river - The River Gambia – has a population of 1,882,450 million, (National Census, 2013). It comprises two municipalities and five regions: Banjul and Kanifing municipalities as well as West Coast River, Lower River, North Bank, Central River and Upper River regions. Of the five regions, the Janjangbureg Local Government Area (est. pop 126,910) in Central River Region and the Basse Local Government Area (est. pop 239,916) in the Upper River Region (National Census, 2013), have the poorest rating on social indicators in comparison to the other regions. Much of UNICEF’s area based interventions are focused in these two regions, with a view to closing the equity gap between the more privileged and most vulnerable. 

The Gambia, the smallest country in mainland Africa, is surrounded by Senegal on all sides except on the west, which borders on the North Atlantic Ocean.


President: Adama Barrow

Vice President: Ousainu A.N.M Darboe

Capital: Banjul

Nationality: Gambian

Area: 10,690 sq km

Currency: Dalasi

Natural resource: Fish

Major Foreign Exchange Earner: Tourism, Agriculture

Natural Hazards: Flooding

Population: 1,882,450 (National Census, 2013)

Life expectancy at birth: 58.7 years (Human Development Report 2013)

Population growth rate: 3.3% in 2013 (National Census, 2013)

Population living below the International Poverty Line of $1.25 a day: 48% (Integrated Poverty Household Survey, 2010)

Infant Mortality rate: 49 per 1,000 (UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation, 2013)

Under-5 mortality rate: 73 per 1,000 (UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation, 2013)

Vitamin A supplementation for U-5: 72.8% (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey IV 2010)

Delivery by a skilled birth attendant: 56.6% (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey IV 2010)

Immunization coverage for diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus (DPT): 89.3% (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey IV 2010)

Under-fives who are underweight: 16% (Gambia Demographic and Health Survey, 2013)  

Birth registration: 52.5% (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey IV 2010)

Literacy 15–24yrs: 48.2% (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2010) 

Children reaching last grade of Primary school: 95.3 % (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey III 2010)

Primary school gender parity index: Female 1.05 (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey IV 2010)

Knowledge on HIV prevention methods for women: 67.6% (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey IV 2010)

Prevalence of female genital cutting: 76.2% (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey IV 2010)

Marriage before 18yrs: 46.5% (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2010)

Households consuming iodised salt: 22% (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2010)

Population using improved drinking water sources: 85.5% (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey IV 2010)

Population using improved sanitation facilities: 76.3% (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey IV 2010)





Humanitarian Action for Children 2016 - overview


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