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Base de données d'évaluation

Evaluation report

2002 MCD: Assessment of Irregular School Attendance and Dropout Among Refugee Children in Macedonia

Author: Pandilovska, S.

Executive summary


As a result of the Kosovo crisis, there are 3,172 refugees still staying in our country since 1999; 2,953 in Skopje, while the rest (219) are in other towns in Macedonia. The largest number of the refugees are staying in Skopje: 1,537 are accommodated in the Collective Centers Suto Orizari and Katlanovo while 1,416 are accommodated by families in the area of the Skopje city. For the school year 2001-2002, 425 refugee students were enrolled in school, out of which 232 finished the school year. This fact made us think and wish to analyze the situation, in order to gain a complete overview of the factors at play.


The aim of this research was to discover the educational status of the Roma refugee pupils from FRY at the age of 7-14, and analyze the reasons for the irregular school attendance and drop-out of these children.


Data was collected by using a questionnaire administered to children aged 7-14, and their parents. The field research was carried out in June 2002, and covered the locations where the biggest number of refugees is accommodated.

Findings and Conclusions:

Less than 45 per cent of children regularly attended school, although all the conditions have been met. Over 20 per cent of the girls never enrolled. Over 60 per cent of the Askali (Albanian-speaking Roma) regularly attended school as opposed to only 36% of the Serbian-speaking Roma - who attend school in Macedonian language, according to the wish of their parents. 53 per cent of children placed in collective centres attended school regularly, as opposed to only 26 per cent of refugee children accommodated in host families. (The reason for this is the proximity of the camp school run by UNICEF, and the constant presence of the teaching staff among the refugees.)

Over 40 per cent of those not attending school have no particular reason; 24 per cent don't attend because it is not a custom among their group of friends to do so. The education level of parents is low, with less than 35 per cent having completed compulsory education. This lack of appreciation for education is transferred to the next generation. The traditional Roma education issues are exacerbated due to the unsolved status of the refugees.


The assessment provided orientation for future activities in the current school year, and the following activities were undertaken as a result:

  • Media enrolment campaign in the local radios
  • Stronger collaboration with the local schools (to reach children in host families)
  • Refugees found a special place in the overall Gender Review of Education (Assessment of attendance, enrolment, drop-out and children out-of-schools, which covers the entire country), which is currently conducted by UNICEF and the Ministry of Education.
  • Greater involvement of parents (the most difficult component, which still remains a challenge).

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Report information





Education - Multithematic

UNHCR, ARC mobile teams from the Rosh Center, Collective Center Suto Orizari, Collective Center Katlanovo


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