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Base de données d'évaluation

Evaluation report

TNZ 1999/018: Study on Local Women's Perception of Refugees and Improving the Status and Conditions of Women Within CSPD Programme in Kibondo

Author: Scholastika Malekela

Executive summary


Kibondo District has a longer history of Burundi refugee contact than any other District in Kigoma. By September 1998, the District was hosting 90,226 refugees. It has also been observed that the district is experiencing a continuous trek of refugees. To have an extra population in the district reduces the capacity and quality of services rendered to the community. Women are probably to most affected individuals during refugee influxes to the host country, because they share resources commonly affecting women workload and time such as fetching fuel-wood, water and other social services.

Purpose / Objective

The objective of this study is to investigate local women's perception of refugees in 28 villages of Kasanda and Kakonko divisions and motivate them on utilization of Child Survival Protection and Development Program (CSPD) intervention activities.


- Briefing from UNICEF officials
- Discussion with district functional managers, ward development committee members and village governments
- Discussion with women focus groups from 20 villages and other organized groups
- In-depth discussion with families that have severely malnourished children in four villages as identified by previous survey conducted by the CSPD Program

Key Findings and Conclusions

Women report several problems due to the presence of refugees: violence, food insecurity, poor health, environmental destruction and increased workload. There are also problems originating from cultural practices: greatest burden of housework including farming, no control over household income/food, and no decision-making authority.

Several income-generating groups were started in 1998. In general, the economic groups were not receiving follow up or advise. The biggest problem was found to be the lack of transportation to the community development office to enable them to reach different groups.

A majority of the mothers of the severely undernourished children were age 20-35 years, and 79% were literate. The severely undernourished children were mostly 7 to 24 months old. The biggest problem was under feeding due to lack of knowledge and also due to lack of food availability in the household.

The children were also suffering from frequent fevers, diarrhea, and sometimes worm infestation. The women could not afford treatment. Women who had no food reserves were usually casual laborers on other people's farms to obtain food and did not work their own farms.


Social services should be supported and extended, including health services, income-generating activities, and agricultural support. Train both men and women through regular extension services in health care, nutritional education, farming, food storage, and gender issues.

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Report information






United Republic of Tanzania, UNICEF


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