Improving the Outlook of Adolescent Girls and Boys in Mongolia
To improves the lives of adolescent girls and boys through
improving their situation in education, health services and involvement in society strengthening participation and encouraging the social sector to ensure young people's participation in planning and designing of programmes
Situation of Adolescents in Mongolia
24.1% of the total population (2.4 Million) are between the ages of 10-19 26% of Mongolian children live in single parent household (statistic compiled in 1998) 6.3% of adolescent girls became pregnant and 43/3% didn't want to be (1996 survey) Of those unwanted pregnancies 51% came to full term and 17.4 % were aborted (1996 survey) The number of adolescents smoking and drinking alcohol is on the increase and associated risks of mental disorder, suicide are major becoming concerns Average age of marriage is 17.5% according to 1996 DHS Academic attendance of girls is higher than boys in high school 61.5% for girls and 38.5% for boys however the same is not reflect in senior positions.
The project was conceived with an aim to assist the UN to develop and execute an integrated, sustainable, multi-sectoral programme to respond to priority adolescent concerns in health, education, participation and communication/media as identified in Mongolian Adolescent Needs Assessment.
The Mongolian Adolescent Needs Survey, the first comprehensive analysis of the adolescent life in that country, provides a critical frame of reference for policy, planning and action with and on behalf of young people. At front and center of the assessment process were adolescents from all regions of the country. The participation of adolescents in the planning, implementation and evaluation of the project marks the first time that young people in Mongolia have been given a real and meaningful voice in their society. The assessment results have also led to the formulation of strategies for an adolescent component of the new National Programme for Children 2010.
The project is a pilot intervention in limited number of sites with an expectation to achieve qualitative and quantitative improvements in education, health and participation. Young people are central to project implementation. The Adolescent Board, for instance, advises the Inter-sectoral Task Force, whose members represent UN agencies, government ministries and NGOs involved in the project.
Within the joint collaboration between UN partners, UNICEF is directly involved in the baseline survey with WHO and UNESCO on the sites selected for intervention, an assessment of both in-school and out of school adolescents. UNICEF will be working with school management to ensure young people and their parent's involvement in schools, build capacity in youth led NGOs, facilitate the creation of child friendly facilities and adolescent development centres. In particular to systematically address the promotion of meaningful participation by young people a campaign "My Passport" will be supported to increase adolescents civic participation, reduce school absenteeism and encourage active role of adolescents in their community.
National implementing organization:
Ministry of Health and Social Welfare
Associated implementing partners:
UNICEF, UNESCO, UNDP, UNFPA, WHO
Co-operating Partners: Scouts Association of Mongolia, Mongolian Child Rights Centre, Adolescents Futures Group, and Mongolian Youth Development Center
Demonstration of how the UN system can develop and execute an integrated multi-sectoral programme in collaboration with the Government and NGOs
Increased knowledge, awareness and promotion of child-rights among adolescents, their caretakers and policy-makers
Institutionalization of adolescent participation in decision making process affecting them
Expansion and strengthening of capacity of associations and NGOs (adolescent-run and for adolescents)
Decrease unwanted pregnancy among adolescents by 25%
Decrease STI among adolescents by 25%
Increase knowledge and practices to promote and maintain health among adolescents
Increase access to and quality of adolescent health services
Reduction of dropouts/absenteeism by 25%
Increase learning achievements
Increase adolescents' ability to prevent and address problems and make responsible choices