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Fact of the week



8.1 million: The number of children who died before their fifth birthday in 2009 was 8.1 million

Millennium Development Goal 4: Reduce child mortality. 

Target: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate. 

Although substantial progress has been made in reducing child mortality, 8.1 million children still died before their fifth birthday in 2009. 

Under-five mortality is increasingly concentrated: 70 per cent of the world’s under-five deaths in 2009 occurred in only 15 countries. Half of the deaths occurred in just five countries: India, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Pakistan and China. 

India and Nigeria together account for nearly one third of the total number of under-five deaths worldwide (21 per cent and 10 per cent respectively). Africa and Asia combined represent 92 per cent of all under-five deaths (50 per cent and 42 per cent respectively).

Source: UNICEF estimates based on the work of the Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation. 

Reference: http://www.childinfo.org/mortality.html



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