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Fact of the week



95%: The proportion of new cases of pneumonia among children under five occurring in developing countries

Millennium Development Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Target: Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five

It is estimated that more than 150 million episodes of pneumonia occur every year among children under five in developing countries, accounting for more than 95 per cent of all new cases worldwide. Between 11 million and 20 million children with pneumonia will require hospitalization, and more than 2 million will die from the disease. It is also important to note that incidence of pneumonia among children decreases with age.

South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa combined bear the burden of more than half of the total number of pneumonia episodes worldwide among children under five. Three quarters of all pneumonia episodes worldwide among children under five occur in just 15 countries.

Source:  UNICEF & WHO, Pneumonia: The Forgotten Killer of Children, New York, 2006.



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