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Evaluation database

Evaluation report

2015 Global: Evaluation of UNICEF’s Peacebuilding, Education and Advocacy Programme (PBEA)

Executive summary

With the aim to continuously improve transparency and use of evaluation, UNICEF Evaluation Office manages the "Global Evaluation Reports Oversight System". Within this system, an external independent company reviews and rates all evaluation reports. Please ensure that you check the quality of this evaluation report, whether it is “Outstanding, Best Practice”, “Highly Satisfactory”, “Mostly Satisfactory” or “Unsatisfactory” before using it. You will find the link to the quality rating below, labelled as ‘Part 5’ of the report.


More than 1.5 billion people live in fragile contexts, some of which are experiencing on-going conflict,1 with children being disproportionately affected. In 2011, 20 million out-ofschool adolescents were living in countries affected by conflict, 11 million of which are female2. And while the number of out-of school children is estimated to have dropped by 42 percent between 2000 and 20123, the problem of out-of-school children is becoming increasingly concentrated in conflict-affected countries4. As such, there is a pressing need in the development and humanitarian community to find effective solutions that address the root causes of conflict.


The objectives of the evaluation reflect the dual purposes of accountability and learning as follows:

1. To assess the extent to which PBEA outcomes were achieved, contributed to the strategic result of “strengthening policies and practices in education for peacebuilding” and are making quantifiable progress towards building peace and social cohesion among beneficiaries (accountability).

2. To articulate and confirm (or disconfirm) the programme impact pathways (or theories of change), assess the PBEA’s approach to peacebuilding relative to its positioning and capture programme and organisational learning that will help inform future programming and approaches to peacebuilding (learning).


The sub-chapter 1.4 provides an overview of the methodology used in the evaluation. It explains the evaluation design and approach, the consolidated data analysis framework, steps used to collect and manage data, and the iterative data analysis approach. Finally, the advantages and limitations of the methodology are discussed.

The overall scope and dimensions of the methodology used in this evaluation were guided by objectives, themes and questions found in the evaluation Terms of Reference (ToR) developed by the UNICEF Evaluation Office (EO). The evaluation scope was partly informed by the Evaluability Assessment, which was conducted in 2013, during the second year of implementation.

Findings and Conclusions:

PBEA was designed to work at the nexus of education and conflict, to improve conflict sensitive programming and contribute to peacebuilding, social cohesion and resilience, using education as an entry point. Meaningful results were achieved in integrating conflict sensitivity and peacebuilding into education sector reform and other policies10; building institutional capacities of UNICEF, governments and implementing partners for conflict sensitive programming and peacebuilding; building individual and community capacities to mitigate causes of conflict; and increasing access to conflict sensitive education. More results are expected in generating learning and evidence of what works in social services for peacebuilding. The evaluation made eight overarching conclusions.


According to the UNICEF Strategic Plan (2014-2017), UNICEF’s mandate extends across the development-humanitarian continuum. For the foreseeable future the organisation will continue to work in fragile and conflict affected contexts where a majority of children live in poverty, are underserved by their states, and are therefore susceptible to various vulnerabilities. To achieve long lasting improvements in the lives of children, there is a renewed sense of urgency for UNICEF and all its partners to embark on development and humanitarian programming that seeks to disrupt cycles of violence by addressing the root source of conflict.

PBEA has also exposed the need for UNICEF to be more decisive about the organization's role in peacebuilding work, and the need to improve coherence in its approach. Hence recommendations address the imperative for UNICEF leadership to stake a position on the level of engagement that the organisation can accommodate. Other recommendations speak to minimum requirements for operating in conflict environments, potential partnerships and measures to responsibly transition from the current PBEA programme to the future.

You will find further below the following:

  • PBEA Full Report - labelled as "Report"
  • Executive Summary in French - labelled as "Part 2"
  • Executive Summary in Spanish - labelled as "Part 3"
  • PBEA Evaluation Summary in Infographics - labelled as "Part 4"
  • GEROS Review - labelled as "Part 5"

Please click here for the following:


Full report in PDF

PDF files require Acrobat Reader.



Report information



Education - Peacebuilding



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