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Evaluation database

Evaluation report

2016 PD: UNICEF Multi-country Gender-based Violence in Emergencies Programme Evaluation

Author: Janey Lawry-White, Team Leader; Jeanne Ward, Senior Technical Expert; Kathryn Tong, Technical Expert; Robyn Yaker, Technical Expert; and Simon Lawry-White, Evaluation Adviser

Executive summary

With the aim to continuously improve transparency and use of evaluation, UNICEF Evaluation Office manages the "Global Evaluation Reports Oversight System (GEROS)". Within this system, an external independent company reviews and rates all evaluation reports. The quality rating scale for evaluation reports is as follows: “Highly Satisfactory”, “Satisfactory”, “Fair” or “Unsatisfactory”. You will find the link to the quality rating below, labelled as ‘Part 3’ of the report, and the executive feedback summary labelled as ‘Part 4’.


UNICEF’s efforts to respond to gender-based violence (GBV) in situations of armed conflict and disasters are central to the agency’s mandate for the protection, health and well-being of children and women. Within its humanitarian programming, UNICEF facilitates access to safe and ethical multi-sectoral care for GBV survivors and supports gender-based violence in emergencies (GBViE) prevention and risk mitigation efforts. As part of the support to Regional and Country Offices to deliver GBViE programmes, UNICEF Headquarters is developing a range of resources to design, implement and measure quality GBViE programming.

This evaluation was commissioned by the Child Protection Section of the UNICEF Programme Division to support programme guidance, facilitate learning and improve UNICEF’s GBViE response. The findings, conclusions and recommendations will inform the finalisation of the GBViE Programme Resource Pack and the UNICEF Game Plan for Addressing GBViE, both which guide how UNICEF will meet its commitments to help tackle GBViE in the future.

The evaluation was carried out between November 2015 and October 2016 by an evaluation team from Vine Management Consulting Ltd. An internal Evaluation Management Group oversaw the project, supported by Evaluation Reference Group composed of internal and external members.


Evaluation Purpose and Objectives
The purpose of the evaluation was ‘to strengthen UNICEF’s current and future GBViE programming based on real-time learning’. This entailed four objectives:

  1. Assess GBViE programming in UNICEF country programmes using standard criteria for evaluating humanitarian action, to generate learning that informs future UNICEF GBViE programming.
  2. Contribute evidence- and practice-based learning to the development of the UNICEF GBViE Resource Pack.
  3. Develop a real-time GBViE programming evaluation methodology that can be used by UNICEF and other GBViE actors.
  4. Develop recommendations to help UNICEF operationalise its organizational commitments to GBViE at headquarters, regional and country levels.

Evaluation Scope
The core of the evaluation is based Real Time Evaluations (RTE) conducted in seven countries: Central African Republic (CAR), Jordan, Lebanon, Nepal, Pakistan, Somalia, and South Sudan. Telephone interviews were also conducted with key staff in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The coordination of GBViE was assessed by its impact on UNICEF programming and how UNICEF contributed to the sector-wide response in each country. The subject of Prevention of Sexual Exploitation and Abuse was not in the original evaluation scope, but in light of allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse in CAR, UNICEF requested that additional questions were added the RTEs concerning staff awareness of policies and action plans for the prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse.


This evaluation assessed UNICEF’s response to GBV in seven current emergencies based on the standard criteria of evaluations of humanitarian action: relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, connectedness/sustainability, coordination and coverage. UNICEF agreed upon and approved 23 evaluation questions under the evaluation criteria. (See Evaluation Matrix, Annex 6.)

Data collection
The evaluation collected and analysed primary and secondary data.  This included data that were independently collected by the evaluation team at the country, regional and global levels, and UNICEF country-team reflections. Data sources included: document reviews; key informant interviews (467), seven country RTEs, with a total of 670 participants; country office self-assessments; field observations by the evaluation team; and an electronic survey by UNICEF country offices comprised of 75 responses received from 50 countries across all UNICEF regions.

Evaluation outputs
The outputs of this evaluation:

  • This Final Synthesis Report: Multi-Country Real Time Evaluation of UNICEF Gender-based Violence in Emergency Programmes
  • Seven country RTEs of UNICEF GBViE programming
  • Eleven  Good Practice Case Studies (2-4 pages) based on the RTEs
  • Three cross-country comparative studies of GBV-specific interventions on safe spaces, child marriage and capacity building strategies and models

In line with evaluation Objective 3, a GBViE RTE methodology was developed and tested. A set of annexes accompany this report, including details of the evaluation tools and a report of the e-survey.

The conclusions listed below present the evaluation’s key findings by success and gaps and challenges. The recommendations cover areas for improvement identified by the gaps and challenges.

Findings and Conclusions:

Leading role at global level in developing the GBViE sector
Proven capacity to deliver appropriate GBViE services
Consistent set of factors that guide UNICEF GBViE programming
A trusted and influential government and civil society partner on GBViE
Beginning to meet GBViE commitments
Contributions to system building
Contributions to GBViE sector coordination and sector goals


Recommendation 1: Clarify the scale, severity and impacts of GBViE, and UNICEF’s mandate, commitment and response to GBViE

Recommendation 2: Bring Headquarters’ GBViE technical support in line with other leading UNICEF programmes. UNICEF should resource GBViE programming in line with its commitments and with resourcing of other programme areas.

Recommendation 3: Clarify roles on GBViE prevention, risk mitigation and response, decision-making and programming
Recommendation 4:
Implement Resource Pack roll-out plans and 2015 IASC GBV Guidelines; provide basic GBViE training to target audiences in UNICEF

Recommendation 5: Build capacity and partnerships for GBViE specialist programming

Recommendation 6: Improve systems that generate and prove outcome-level results of GBV programming and that share knowledge

Recommendation 7: Build GBV programmes into Country Programmes of at-risk countries

Recommendation 8: Improve the global environment learning and innovation on GBViE

Recommendation 9: Continue to invest in UNICEF’s role as a leader of the GBViE sector

Recommendation 10: Ensure country office commitment to PSEA; strengthen UNICEF staff understanding of PSEA roles and responsibilities

Lessons Learned:

Gaps and challenges: Levels of attention and resources for GBViE do not meet the scale of the problem
Elements of UNICEF GBV commitments are still neglected
Lack of GBViE capacity with partners
Limited integration of GBV risk mitigation in UNICEF sector programmes
Limited GBViE prevention
Adolescent girls are not addressed routinely in GBViE response
GBV is not a standard element of UNICEF Country Programmes
Insufficient evidence to demonstrate the impact of UNICEF GBViE programming
Limited familiarity on Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA) roles and responsibilities

GBViE Country Reports:

You will find the file attachments below labelled as:

  • Full evaluation report - Report
  • Annexes 3-18 - Part 2
  • GEROS quality rating - Part 3
  • GEROS executive feedback summary - Part 4

Full report in PDF

PDF files require Acrobat Reader.



Report information


Programme Division

Headquarters - Global


Child Protection

Vine Management Consulting Ltd


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